Cardozo

Recorded in many spellings including Cardenas, Cardozo, Cardoso, Cardero, Cardenoso, Cardenosa, and Cardenoza, this is a Spanish habitational or locational surname. It describes a person who originally lived by an area where the blue purple fern with severe gorse-like needles known as the 'Cardeno' grew, or who came from a place so named. 'Cardeno' itself is an ancient word from the period two thousand years ago when Spain was a Roman colony around the time of Christ. The original spelling was 'Carduus' meaning 'thistle', to which was added the word 'tierras' - land, although this suffix is now all but lost. There are a number of small villages called 'Cardenas', the thistle itself was used until quite recently in country areas for 'carding' wool, a method of cleaning and purifying the fleece. In that sense 'Carduus' is also the origin of the English surname 'Card', a metonymic or nickname for a person who prepared the fleece prior to spinning. Many of the early recordings of the surname contain the preposition 'de' implying aristocratic and noble origins, and specifically the ownership of estates. Amongst these early recordings are those of Ana Franco Cardenoza, christened at Valladolid, Spain, on August 28th 1577, Sunigo Cardozo of St Veracruz, Districto Federal, Mexico, on February 22nd 1745, and Laura Cardoza, who was recorded at Half Moon Day, California, on March 16th 1875. The coat of arms has the blazon of two black hound dogs courant, on a gold field. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Pedro de Cardenas, which was dated November 26th 1573, married at Vilapalacios, San Sebastian, Spain, during the reign of King Philip 11 of Spain and Emperor of Mexico, 1558 - 1598. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

Surnames reference. 2013.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • CARDOZO — CARDOZO, U.S. family distinguished for its jurists, descendants of prominent colonial American Sephardim. ISAAC NUÑEZ CARDOZO (1751–1832), American Revolutionary patriot, was one of four sons of AARON NUÑEZ CARDOZO (d. 1800), a London merchant… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Cardozo — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Abraham Miguel Cardozo (1630–1706), spanisch jüdischer Mystiker und Sabbatianer Baltazar Enrique Porras Cardozo (*1944), venezolanischer Erzbischof Isaac Cardozo (1604–1681), Spanisch jüdischer Arzt und… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Cardozo — [kär dō′zō] Benjamin Nathan 1870 1938; U.S. jurist: associate justice, Supreme Court (1932 38) …   English World dictionary

  • Cardozo — Not to be confused with Cardoza Cardozo is a surname, which may refer to:People* Albert Cardozo * Benjamin N. Cardozo, American Jurist * José Saturnino Cardozo Retired Paraguayan football striker that played for Toluca * Derlis Cardozo, a… …   Wikipedia

  • Cardozo — biographical name Benjamin Nathan 1870 1938 American jurist …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Cardozo — /kahr doh zoh/, n. Benjamin Nathan, 1870 1938, associate justice of the U.S. Supreme Court 1932 38. * * * …   Universalium

  • Cardozo — Car•do•zo [[t]kɑrˈdoʊ zoʊ[/t]] n. big Benjamin Nathan, 1870–1938, associate justice of the U.S. Supreme Court 1932–38 …   From formal English to slang

  • Cardozo — /kahr doh zoh/, n. Benjamin Nathan, 1870 1938, associate justice of the U.S. Supreme Court 1932 38 …   Useful english dictionary

  • CARDOZO (Cardoso), ABRAHAM MIGUEL — (1626–1706), an outstanding leader of the Shabbatean movement and brother of isaac cardozo . Cardozo was born in Rio Seco, Spain, to a Marrano family. He studied medicine at the University of Salamanca and, according to his own testimony, two… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Cardozo M. Luna — Cardozo Ding M. Luna Nickname Ding Born September 7, 1953 (1953 09 07) (age 58) San Ildef …   Wikipedia

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