Calver

This interesting name has its origin in one of three possible sources. The most likely origin is habitational, from a place "Calver" in Derbyshire, so called from the Old English "c(a)lf", a calf and "ofer", a ridge. The Domesday Book for Derbyshire records the place "Caluoure" with the Pipe Rolls of Derbyshire entering it as "Caluore" and "Calfovr", in 1199 and 1239 respectively. The surname from this source first appears at the beginning of the 13th Century (see below). Secondly, it may be a variant of "Carver", a corner of wood or sculptor of stone (middle English "kerve(n)"), to cut, or carve, or from the Anglo Norman French word "Caruier", cart, plough, originally given as an occupational name for a ploughman. The first appearance of this name is when Peter le Caruier is mentioned in the Pipe Rolls of Nottinghamshire in 1203. There is also a possibility that the surname derives from "Calvert", a tender of cattle, from the middle English "Calfhirde (old English "Calf", calf and "hierde", a herdsman), which is common in the north of England and Northern Ireland. In 1269, one Warin le Calfhirde" is recorded in the Feet of Fines for Yorkshire and William Calvehird is entered in the Subsidy Rolls of Yorkshire in 1297. Mary Calver is mentioned in 1702 in the Shotley Parish Registers. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of David de Caluenore or de Caluoure, which was dated 1200, The Pipe Rolls of Derbyshire, during the reign of King John, known as "Lackland", 1199 - 1216. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

Surnames reference. 2013.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Calver — Cal ver, v. i. To bear, or be susceptible of, being calvered; as, grayling s flesh will calver. Catton. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Calver — Cal ver (k[a^]l v[ e]r), v. i. 1. To cut in slices and pickle, as salmon. [Obs.] [1913 Webster] For a change, leave calvered salmon and eat sprats. Massinger. [1913 Webster] 2. To crimp; as, calvered salmon. Nares. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Calver — infobox UK place country = England static static image caption=Calver Mill in Derbyshire. Imposing 6 storey textile mill of 1803 04 that replaced an earlier mill of 1785. The wheelhouse on the left dates from 1834 and housed a pair of water… …   Wikipedia

  • calver — noun A cow that produces young. See Also: down calver, first calver, second calver …   Wiktionary

  • calver — v. cut in slices and pickle; prepare fish while alive; be susceptible of being calvered …   English contemporary dictionary

  • calver — calv·er …   English syllables

  • calver — ˈkavə(r), afə , aa , ai , ȧ , ä noun ( s) Etymology: calve (I) + er : a pregnant cow …   Useful english dictionary

  • Calver Hill — is a fell in the Yorkshire Dales National Park in North Yorkshire, England. It composed of limestone The Rivers, Mountains and Sea Coast of Yorkshire , John Phillips, States that Calver Hill is composed of limestone.] and is situated at grid… …   Wikipedia

  • calver salmon — a fish dressed as soon as it is caught (Lancashire dialect) …   Dictionary of ichthyology

  • Calver, David — (USA)    Contemporary illustrator based in Rochester, NY. Graduated from the Rhode Island School of Design.    Reproductions: Fish lips; Benedict, 1983: p. 63 . Sex bonds; Benedict, 1983: p. 63 [C] …   Dictionary of erotic artists: painters, sculptors, printmakers, graphic designers and illustrators

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