Cairns

This interesting surname is of Scottish territorial origin from the lands of Cairns in the parish of Mid-Calder, Midlothian. The name derives from the Old Gaelic "carn" meaning cairn i.e., a pile of stones raised as a boundary marker or a memorial. The surname first appears on records in the mid 14th Century (see below). In 1363, William de Carnys and his son, Duncan de Carnys, had a Charter of the baronies of Esterquytburne and Westirquitburne from David 11, and in 1365 one, David de Carnys, noted in the Exchequer Rolls of Scotland, was bailie of Edinburgh. William de Carnys was Constable of Linlithgow Castle, and afterwards of the Castle of Edinburgh in 1372. A notable namebearer was Hugh McCalmont Cairns, (1819 - 1885), Barrister of the Middle Temple, 1844; Q.C., 1856; created Baron Cairns, 1867; lord chancellor, 1868, and Earl Cairns, 1878. A Coat of Arms granted to the Cairns family depicts an anchor between three gold martlets on a red shield. A palm tree proper is on the Crest, and the motto "Virtus ad aethera tendit", translates as "Virtue reaches to heaven". The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of William de Carnys, which was dated 1349, a charter witness, in the "Records of the Cairns Family", Scotland, during the reign of King David 11 of Scotland, 1329 - 1371. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

Surnames reference. 2013.

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  • Cairns — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Cairns Bandera …   Wikipedia Español

  • Cairns — Blick auf Cairns vom Mt. Whitfield Staat …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • CAIRNS (J.) — CAIRNS JOHN (1922 ) Biologiste anglais qui, après avoir obtenu en 1952 son doctorat en médecine à l’université d’Oxford, étudie pendant plusieurs années en Australie la multiplication du virus de l’influenza et du virus de la vaccine. En 1957,… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Cairns — (spr. kǟrns), Hugh Mac Calmont, Graf, engl. Staatsmann, geb. im Dezember 1819, gest. 2. April 1885, ward Rechtsanwalt in London und 1852 von der konservativen Partei ins Parlament gewählt. 1856 wurde er zum königlichen Rat, 1858 zum Solicitor… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Cairns —   [ keənz], Hafenstadt in Nordqueensland, Australien, 100 900 Einwohner; katholischer Bischofssitz; Fremdenverkehrszentrum; Verarbeitung und Ausfuhr landwirtschaftlicher Produkte; Ausfuhrhafen (Erze, Holz); Endpunkt der Küstenbahn von Brisbane,… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Cairns — a city and port on the north east coast of Australia in the state of Queensland …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • Cairns — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Cairn (homonymie). Cairns Cairns, vue aérienne …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Cairns — I. /kɛənz/ (say kairnz) noun 1. Sir Hugh William Bell, 1896–1952, Australian born surgeon in London; noted for his work in the field of brain surgery. 2. Jim (James Ford Cairns), 1914–2003, Australian federal Labor politician; regarded as the… …   Australian English dictionary

  • Cairns — /kairnz/, n. a seaport in NE Australia. 48,557. * * * ▪ Queensland, Australia       city and port, northeastern Queensland, Australia, on Trinity Inlet of Trinity Bay. Founded in the 1870s as a government customs collection point, it grew in the… …   Universalium

  • Cairns — Original name in latin Cairns Name in other language CNS, Cairns, Kehrns, Kerns, Kernsa, Kernsas, Krnsa, kai en si, karnz, keanzu, keeonseu, knz, kyrnz, kwynzland, Кернс, Кэрнс, State code AU Continent/City Australia/Brisbane longitude 16.92304… …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

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