This ancient and distinguished surname, recorded in over fifty spellings, is usually of Olde German and Anglo-Saxon origins. It derives from a baptismal compound personal name Ernault or Arnolt, of which the elements are "arn", meaning an eagle, and "wald", to rule. The name spread rapidly throughout Northern Europe in the period known as "The dark ages", roughly between the 6th and 11th centuries a.d., and following the fall of the Roman Empire. There are now many different spellings of the surname and examples include Arnhold, Arnout, Arnatt, Erni, Harnett, Arnould, Arnaud, Ahrend, Arnaudi, Arlett, Arnaudin, Arnaiz, Arents and many others. The first country in the world to adopt hereditary surnames as we know them today was England, where they were first used, although only by the nobility or clergy, after the Norman-French Invasion of 1066. In the year 1086 the Normans completed a survey of the country known as the Domesday Book, this being the first gazetter of its kind ever produced. Rogerus filius Ernaldi is recorded in Domesday Book for London, this being the first known recording of the name, although not as a surname. Early examples of the surname recording include include William Arnold of the county of Suffolk in 1277, whilst in Germany Adler Arnoldt is recorded in Meskirch in 1282. In some cases the surname as Arnold is a locational name from two English villages in Nottinghamshire and in the East Riding of Yorkshire. One of the first settlers in Virginia was Thomas Arnold, aged 30 yrs., who embarked from London on the ship "Plaine Joan", in May 1635. The first recorded spelling of the family name anywhere is believed to be that of Puntius Arnaldi, which was dated 1196, in the rolls of Devonshire, England.

Surnames reference. 2013.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Arlt — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Eberhard Arlt (1905–1972), deutscher Politiker (SED) Erika Arlt (* 1926), deutsche Heimatforscherin Ferdinand von Arlt (1812–1887), österreichischer Chirurg und Ophthalmologe Fritz Arlt (1912–2004),… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Arlt — Arlt, Ferdinand, Ritter von, Augenarzt. geb. 18. April 1812 in Obergraupen bei Teplitz, gest. 7. März 1887 in Wien, studierte in Prag, wurde 1849 daselbst Professor der Augenheilkunde und 1856 in Wien. Er schrieb: »Die Krankheiten des Auges, für… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Arlt — Arlt, Ferd., Ritter von, Augenarzt, geb. 18. April 1812 zu Obergraupen bei Teplitz, Prof. in Wien, gest. das. 7. März 1887. Hauptwerk: »Die Krankheiten des Auges« (1851 56 u.ö.) …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Arlt — Arlt, Roberto …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Arlt — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Arlt est un nom de famille porté par : Roberto Arlt (1900 1942) : écrivain argentin Harry Arlt (1942) : ancien joueur et entraîneur de… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Arlt — Carl Ferdinand von, Austrian ophthalmologist, 1812–1887. See A. operation, A. sinus …   Medical dictionary

  • Arlt — Ạrlt,   1) Ferdinand Ritter von, österreichischer Augenarzt, * Horní Krupka (bei Teplitz) 18. 4. 1812, ✝ Wien 7. 3. 1887; Professor in Wien, entwickelte neue Operationstechniken und verfasste grundlegende Werke zur Augenheilkunde.    2) Roberto …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Arlt — in Schlesien und in der Oberlausitz entstandene Familiennamen, die auf eine Kurzform von Arnold zurückgehen …   Wörterbuch der deutschen familiennamen

  • Arlt Computer Produkte — Arlt Computer Unternehmensform GmbH Gründung 1958 Unternehmenssitz …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Arlt Computer — Rechtsform GmbH Gründung 1958 Sitz Magstadt …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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