This unusual surname derives from the Middle English personal name "Alger", which has an interesting, if complicated, derivation, since several names of different origins, both Continental Germanic (brought to England by the Normans), and Olde English, have fallen together in the course of its formation. These names include: "Aethelgar", Aelfgar and "Ealdgar", all sharing a common final element "gar", spear. The initial elements are respectively "aethel", noble, "aelf", elf, and "eald", old. The first two names occur in the Domesday Book of 1086 as "Aelgar, Elgar", and "Algar". The forms "Alger" and "Algar" (without surname) both appear in Records of Bury St. Edmunds, Suffolk, dated 1195. The derivation is further complicated by the fact that in regions of Scandinavian influence, the name may also stem from the Old Norse "Alfgeirr", Old Danish "Alger", cognate with the Anglo-Saxon "Aelfgar" (as above). Early examples of the surname include: Thomas Alger (Suffolk, 1221); Walter Elgar (Suffolk, 1234); and Thomas Algor (Cambridgeshire, 1260). In the modern idiom the name is spelt: Algar, Alger, Algore, Augar, Augur, Agar, Elgar and Elger. A Coat of Arms granted to the Algar family is a gold shield with a black eagle displayed, membered red, the Crest being a black greyhound's head, charged with four bezants. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of William Algar, which was dated 1221, witness in the "Assize Court Rolls of Worcestershire", during the reign of King Henry 111, known as "The Frenchman", 1216 - 1272. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

Surnames reference. 2013.


Look at other dictionaries:

  • augur — AUGÚR, (1) auguri, s.m., (2) augure, s.n. (În antichitatea romană) 1. s.m. Preot căruia i se atribuia facultatea de a prevesti viitorul sau de a interpreta voinţa zeilor după zborul şi cântecul păsărilor sau după măruntaiele animalelor… …   Dicționar Român

  • Augur — mit Krummstab, Abbildung aus dem Nordisk familjebok Ein Augur war ein römischer Beamter, der zu ergründen hatte, ob ein vom Staat oder von einem pater familias (Familienoberhaupt) geplantes Unternehmen den Göttern genehm sei. Er verkündete den… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • augur — [ô′gər] n. [L, orig., a priest at rituals of fertility and increase, prob. < OL * augos (gen. * augeris), increase, growth < augere (see WAX2); meaning infl. by auspex, AUSPEX] 1. in ancient Rome, any of a body of officials who interpreted… …   English World dictionary

  • Augur — Au gur, v. t. To predict or foretell, as from signs or omens; to betoken; to presage; to infer. [1913 Webster] It seems to augur genius. Sir W. Scott. [1913 Webster] I augur everything from the approbation the proposal has met with. J. F. W.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Augur — Au gur, n. [L. Of uncertain origin: the first part of the word is perh. fr. L. avis bird, and the last syllable, gur, equiv. to the Skr. gar to call, akin to L. garrulus garrulous.] 1. (Rom. Antiq.) An official diviner who foretold events by the… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Augur — Au gur, v. i. [imp. & p. p. {Augured}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Auguring}.] 1. To conjecture from signs or omens; to prognosticate; to foreshow. [1913 Webster] My auguring mind assures the same success. Dryden. [1913 Webster] 2. To anticipate, to… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • augur — (n.) 1540s, from L. augur, a religious official in ancient Rome who foretold events by interpreting omens, perhaps originally meaning an increase in crops enacted in ritual, in which case it probably is from Old L. *augos (gen. *augeris) increase …   Etymology dictionary

  • augur — àugūr m <G augúra> DEFINICIJA pov. starorimski svećenički zbor koji pogađa volju bogova prema letu i pjevanju ptica, grmljavini, munji i sl. ETIMOLOGIJA lat. augur …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • augur — [n] predictor diviner, forecaster, harbinger, herald, oracle, prognosticator, prophet, seer, soothsayer; concept 423 augur [v] predict; be an omen of adumbrate, bespeak, bode, call it*, call the shots*, crystalball, figure out, forecast,… …   New thesaurus

  • augur — (Del lat. augur, ūris). 1. m. Oficiante, que en la antigua Roma practicaba oficialmente la adivinación por el canto, el vuelo y la manera de comer de las aves y por otros signos. 2. Persona que vaticina …   Diccionario de la lengua española

  • Augur — (röm. Rel.), Weissager, s.u. Augurium. Auguralbücher s. ebd. Augurale (Auguraculum, Auguratorium), der Ort, wo die Augurien angestellt wurden. Augurale jus, Augurrecht, ein Theil des römischen Staatsrechts, das sich auf nach u. nach gesammelte… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.