This unusual surname derives from the Middle English personal name "Alger", which has an interesting, if complicated, derivation, since several names of different origins, both Continental Germanic (brought to England by the Normans), and Olde English, have fallen together in the course of its formation. These names include: "Aethelgar", Aelfgar and "Ealdgar", all sharing a common final element "gar", spear. The initial elements are respectively "aethel", noble, "aelf", elf, and "eald", old. The first two names occur in the Domesday Book of 1086 as "Aelgar, Elgar", and "Algar". The forms "Alger" and "Algar" (without surname) both appear in Records of Bury St. Edmunds, Suffolk, dated 1195. The derivation is further complicated by the fact that in regions of Scandinavian influence, the name may also stem from the Old Norse "Alfgeirr", Old Danish "Alger", cognate with the Anglo-Saxon "Aelfgar" (as above). Early examples of the surname include: Thomas Alger (Suffolk, 1221); Walter Elgar (Suffolk, 1234); and Thomas Algor (Cambridgeshire, 1260). In the modern idiom the name is spelt: Algar, Alger, Algore, Augar, Augur, Agar, Elgar and Elger. A Coat of Arms granted to the Algar family is a gold shield with a black eagle displayed, membered red, the Crest being a black greyhound's head, charged with four bezants. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of William Algar, which was dated 1221, witness in the "Assize Court Rolls of Worcestershire", during the reign of King Henry 111, known as "The Frenchman", 1216 - 1272. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

Surnames reference. 2013.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Algar — Données générales Pays  Espagne Communauté autonome Andalousie …   Wikipédia en Français

  • algar — s. m. 1. Cova ou barranco cavado pelas chuvas ou pelas torrentes. 2. Abertura ou cavidade subterrânea. = CAVERNA, FURNA, GRUTA 3. Cratera. 4. Abismo, despenhadeiro.   ‣ Etimologia: árabe al gar …   Dicionário da Língua Portuguesa

  • Algar — Para el río homónimo situado en la provincia de Alicante (España), véase río Algar. Algar Escudo …   Wikipedia Español

  • Algar — Spanish city image skyline size = image skyline caption = native name = Algar spanish name = Algar nickname = city motto = city motto means = image flag size = image coat of arms = image coat of arms size = image city image city map size = 190px… …   Wikipedia

  • Algar — Gemeinde Algar Wappen Karte von Spanien …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Algar — ► sustantivo masculino Mancha grande que se forma en el fondo del mar por la acumulación de algas: ■ desde el helicóptero se distinguían los algares. * * * algar1 (del ár. and. «alḡár»; ant.) m. *Cueva. algar2 m. Masa grande de algas en el fondo… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Algar — Original name in latin Algar Name in other language Algar State code ES Continent/City Europe/Madrid longitude 36.65748 latitude 5.65558 altitude 208 Population 1637 Date 2012 03 04 …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Algar — Sp Algãras Ap Algar L P Ispanija …   Pasaulio vietovardžiai. Internetinė duomenų bazė

  • algar — algar1 (Del ár. hisp. alḡár, y este del ár. clás. ḡār). m. desus. Cueva o caverna. U. en Andalucía. algar2 m. Mancha grande de algas en el fondo del mar …   Diccionario de la lengua española

  • Algar — /al geuhr/, n. a male given name. * * * …   Universalium

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