This uncommon and intriguing name is of Old Norse origin, and is found chiefly in the north western counties of England, reflecting the dense settlement of Scandinavian peoples in those areas. The surname is locational, from places such as Aira Beck or Aira Force near Ullswater in Cumberland, or some other minor or unrecorded place also named with the Old Norse term "eyrara", meaning "gravel-bank stream or river". The surname may also be topographical in origin, denoting residence by such a gravel-bank. Locational surnames were used particularly as a means of identification by those who left their birthplace to settle elsewhere, and regional dialectal differences as well as varying standards of literacy frequently led to the formation of variant forms of the original name. In this instance, the modern surname forms range from Airey, Airy, Ayre(e) and Aery, to Erie, Eyre(e), Errey, Earie and Earey. Early examples include: Clemens Erie (1576, Lancashire); Robert Erye (1584, ibid.); Thomas Eray (1591, Cumberland); and William Earee (1685, London). Among the recordings of the name in Church Registers are the christening of Anges Earay in Dacre, Cumberland, on September 19th 1633, and the marriage of Mary Earey and Benjamin Buskin on October 2nd 1726, at St. Bartholomew the Great, London. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Robert de Hayra, which was dated 1301, in the "Inquisitiones Post Mortem", of Lancashire (for Westmoreland), during the reign of King Edward 1, known as "The Hammer of the Scots", 1272 - 1307. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

Surnames reference. 2013.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Eyre — ist ein: Vorname im englischsprachigen Raum (z. B. Eyre Crowe) Eyre (Vorname) Eyre heißen folgende Personen mit dem Familiennamen: britischer Forschungsreisender (1815 1901) – Edward John Eyre britischer Theater und Filmregisseur (*1943)… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Eyre — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Eyre puede referirse a: El lago Eyre El Parque Nacional Lago Eyre El río Eyre La novela Jane Eyre La novela El caso Jane Eyre Obtenido de Eyre Categoría: Wikipedia:Desambiguación …   Wikipedia Español

  • Eyre — Eyre, Edward John Eyre, lago Eyre, península de * * * (as used in expressions) Crowe, Sir Eyre (Alexander Barby Wichart) Eyre, lago Eyre, península de …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Eyre — ([^a]r), n. [OF. erre journey, march, way, fr. L. iter, itineris, a going, way, fr. the root of ire to go. Cf. {Errant}, {Itinerant}, {Issue}.] (O. Eng. Law) A journey in circuit of certain judges called justices in eyre (or in itinere). [1913… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • eyre — [er] n. [ME & Anglo Fr eire < OFr erre < errer, to travel: see ERRANT] Eng. History 1. a tour or circuit: chiefly in the phrase justices in eyre 2. a circuit court held by justices in eyre …   English World dictionary

  • Eyre —   [ eə], Edward John, britischer Australienforscher, * Hornsea (bei Hull) 5. 8. 1815, ✝ Tavistock 30. 11. 1901; Eyre war der Pionier in der Erkundung des südaustralischen Salzseengebiets und der Eyrehalbinsel; er entdeckte 1839 die Flinders Range …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Eyre — (spr. Äh r), Grafschaft in der englischen Colonie Südaustralien …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Eyre — (spr. ǟr), Edward John, austral. Forschungsreisender, geb. 5. Aug. 1815 in Yorkshire, gest. 29. Nov. 1901 in Tavistock (Devonshire), ging 1833 nach Sydney, dann nach Südaustralien, bereiste 1839 vom Spencergolf aus die Flinderskette, sah den… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Eyre — (spr. ähr), Edward John, engl. Forschungsreisender, geb. 5. Aug. 1815 in der engl. Grafsch. York, erforschte seit 1839 das Innere Australiens, entdeckte 1840 den Eyresee, wurde 1846 Gouverneur von Neuseeland, 1852 von Saint Vincent, 1862 66 von… …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Eyre — [er] Lake shallow salt lake in NE South Australia, varying from frequently dry to c. 3,700 sq mi (9,583 sq km) …   English World dictionary

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