Jacob

This most interesting surname derives from the ancient Hebrew given name "Yaakov" meaning "following-after". In the bible Jacob was the name of the twin brother of Esau, who took advantage of the latter's hunger and impetuousness to persuade him to part with his birthright "for a mess of potage". The surnames James and Jack share the same origins and development. Perhaps surprisingly Jacob in all its over two hundred spellings from Jacob, Iacobo, Kubera, and Kabos, to Giacopino, Jankel, Yakobovitz, and Jessen, was not originally a Jewish surname. Like most Hebrew and biblical names, it enjoyed a great burst of popularity in the 12th century. This was during the time of the great Crusades to free the Holy Land from the Sarcens. All were unsuccessful, but the returning soldiers and pilgrims made it a fashion to call their children by names associated with the early days of the Christian church. The earliest examples of surname recordings are usually to be found in England, the first country to adopt both hereditary surnames, and to register them. Here William Jacob was recorded in the Hundred Rolls of Cambridgeshire in 1273, whilst in 1361 Hans Jacob is recorded in the charters of Wernsbach, Germany. The first recorded spelling of the family name anywhere in the world is believed to be that of Agnes Jacobes, in the register of the abbey of Ramsey, Huntingdon, in the year 1244. Over the centuries surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

Surnames reference. 2013.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • JACOB — (Heb. יַעֲקֹב ,יַעֲקוֹב), younger twin son of isaac and rebekah , third of the patriarchs of the people of Israel. His father was 60 years old at the time of Jacob s birth, which occurred after 20 years of childless marriage (Gen. 25:20, 26).… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Jacob's — is a brand name for several lines of biscuits and crackers. The brand name in the United Kingdom is owned by United Biscuits while the brand name in Ireland is owned by the Jacob Fruitfield Food Group.HistoryThe originator of the Jacob s brand… …   Wikipedia

  • Jacob — o Ya akov, en hebreo יַעֲקֹב sostenido por el talón o en árabe يعقوب Yaʿqūb, conocido despues como Israel hebreo יִשְׂרָאֵל Principe de Dios , árabe اسرائيل Isrāʾīl) es uno de los patriarcas de la Biblia. Su historia es contada en el libro de… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • JACOB — Nom du patriarche qui, dans la tradition biblique définitivement sertie (l’unité religieuse et l’unité politique s’étant de concert façonnées, les douze tribus vénèrent ce personnage comme leur père commun), est présenté comme l’ancêtre éponyme… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Jacob — • The son of Isaac and Rebecca, third great patriarch of the chosen people, and the immediate ancestor of the twelve tribes of Israel Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Jacob     Jacob …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Jacob — (Hebrew: יַעֲקֹב, Standard ), Judah (), Naphtali (), Issachar (), and Benjamin (), this is seen as a foreshadowing of the blessings Christians believe resulted from Jesus death on the cross.IslamIn Arabic, Jacob is known as Yakub . He is revered… …   Wikipedia

  • Jacob 52 — Tres Yak 52 de la Asociación Jacob 52 en formación sobre el aeródromo de Ses Salines, en Mallorca. Activa 2003 actualidad …   Wikipedia Español

  • Jacob — ist ein männlicher Vorname, siehe Jacob (Vorname) ein Familienname; siehe Jacob (Familienname) der tropische Wirbelsturm Jacob siehe auch: Jacob Sisters, deutsches Gesangsquartett Jacobs Zimmer, Virginia Woolf Der Wahre Jacob, Zeitschrift Jacob s …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • JACOB (M.) — Personnage insolite de la génération qui, dans les débuts de ce siècle, a inventé une sensibilité nouvelle, Max Jacob est connu surtout comme recréateur du poème en prose: or, cela ne va pas sans injustice contre le reste de son œuvre poétique et …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Jacob — Ja cob, n. [Cf. F. Jacob. See 2d {Jack}.] A Hebrew patriarch (son of Isaac, and ancestor of the Jews), who in a vision saw a ladder reaching up to heaven ( Gen. xxviii. 12); also called {Israel}. [1913 Webster] And Jacob said . . . with my staff… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • JACOB (F.) — JACOB FRANÇOIS (1920 ) Après la Seconde Guerre mondiale, François Jacob termine ses études de médecine et soutient sa thèse de doctorat à Paris en 1947. Ne pouvant faire de chirurgie à cause de ses blessures, il s’essaie à différentes disciplines …   Encyclopédie Universelle

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