Barley

This interesting surname of English origin is a locational name from any of the various places called Barley in Lancashire and West Yorkshire deriving from the Old English pre 7th Century "bar" meaning "wild boar" or "boer" meaning "barley", plus "leah" "wood or clearing". Barley in Hertfordshire derives ir's name from the Old English byname Be(o)ra, from the Old English "bera" meaning "bear". It may also be a metonymic occupational name for a maker or seller of barley-bread or cakes deriving from the Middle English "barlich, barli" or the Old English "baerlic" meaning "barley". The surname dates back to the late 12th Century, (see below). Further recordings include one John Barlie (1221), "The Assize Court Rolls of Warwickshire", and John Barlich (1279) "The Hundred Rolls of Oxfordshire and Cambridgeshire". London church recordings include Thomas Barley who married Elen Edwards on January 14th 1542, at St. Leonard's, Eastcheap, and Ellis Barley was christened on February 26th 1550, at St. Lawrence Jewry and St. Mary Magdalene, Milk Street. One James and Elize Barley, famine emigrants, sailed from Belfast aboard the "Chrisan" bound for New York on May 5th 1847. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of John Barlebred, which was dated 1185, in the Pipe Rolls of Norfolk, during the reign of King Henry 11, known as "The Builder of Churches", 1154 - 1189. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

Surnames reference. 2013.

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  • BARLEY — (Heb. שְׂעוֹרָה; se orah), one of the seven species (see food ) with which Ereẓ Israel was blessed (Deut. 8:8). In biblical times barley bread was a staple food and was extensively cultivated, especially as it grows even in poor soil and in areas …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Barley — Bar ley, n. [OE. barli, barlich, AS. b[ae]rlic; bere barley + l[=i]c (which is prob. the same as E. like, adj., or perh. a form of AS. le[=a]c leek). AS. bere is akin to Icel, barr barley, Goth. barizeins made of barley, L. far spelt; cf. W.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Barley — steht für: einen Ort in England, siehe Barley (Hertfordshire) eine US amerikanische Automobilmarke 1922 1924, siehe Barley (Auto) Barley ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Brian Barley (1942–1971), kanadischer Jazzmusiker (Klarinette,… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • barley — O.E. bærlic, originally an adjective, of barley, from bere barley (from P.Gmc. *bariz, *baraz) + lic body, like. First element is related to O.N. barr barley, and cognate with L. far (gen. farris) coarse grain, meal; probably from PIE *bhars… …   Etymology dictionary

  • barley — [bär′lē] n. [ME barli < OE bærlic, of barley < bere, barley + lic ( LY1) < IE base * bhares > FARINA, ON barr, grain] 1. a cereal grass (Hordeum vulgare and related species) with dense, bearded spikes of flowers, each made up of three …   English World dictionary

  • barley — ► NOUN ▪ a hardy cereal with coarse bristles extending from the ears, used chiefly in brewing and animal feed. ORIGIN Old English …   English terms dictionary

  • Barley — For other uses, see Barley (disambiguation). Barley Barley field …   Wikipedia

  • barley — barley1 /bahr lee/, n. 1. a widely distributed cereal plant belonging to the genus Hordeum, of the grass family, having awned flowers that grow in tightly bunched spikes, with three small additional spikes at each node. 2. the grain of this plant …   Universalium

  • barley — noun ADJECTIVE ▪ malted, malting ▪ roasted ▪ pearl ▪ wild ▪ feed ▪ …   Collocations dictionary

  • barley — n. 1 any of various hardy awned cereals of the genus Hordeum widely used as food and in malt liquors and spirits such as whisky. 2 the grain produced from this (cf. pearl barley). Phrases and idioms: barley sugar an amber coloured sweet made of… …   Useful english dictionary

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