- This ancient surname is of Old Norse origin, and is a locational name from a place called Scargill in Northern Yorkshire, deriving from the Old Norse bird name "skraki", a diving duck, plus the Old Norse "gil", valley or ravine. The placename appears as "Seacreghil", "Scracreghil" in the Domesday Book of 1086, and as "Scakregill" in the Pipe Rolls of 1172. During the Middle Ages when migration for the purpose of job-seeking was becoming more common, people often took their former village name as a means of identification, thus resulting in a wide dispersal of the name. The surname dates back to the late 12th Century (see below), and early recordings include: William de Skaregile (1285) in the "Calendar of Inquisitiones post mortem", Yorkshire, and John Scargill (1459) in the Kirkstall Abbey Rent Roll. Church Records list the marriage of Nicholas Scargill to Elizabeth Ellis on November 18th 1564 in London, and the christening of Wills Scargill on June 2nd 1566, in Sheffield, Yorkshire. A Coat of Arms granted to a Scargill family is ermine, a purple saltire engrailed. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Warin de Scakergill, which was dated 1177, in the "Pipe Rolls of Yorkshire", during the reign of King Henry 11, known as "The Builder of Churches", 1154 - 1189. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.
Surnames reference. 2013.
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Scargill — Arthur Scargill (* 11. Januar 1938 in Worsbrough Dale, South Yorkshire) war von 1981 bis 2000 der Chef der britischen Gewerkschaft National Union of Mineworkers (NUM), gründete 1996 die Socialist Labour Party und ist seitdem deren Vorsitzender.… … Deutsch Wikipedia
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Scargill — (1938– ) an English trade union leader and politician. In 1981 he became the President of the NUM and in 1984–5 he led the miners’ strike in protest against the Conservative government’s plans to close several mines. In 1996 he formed a new… … Universalium
Scargill — /ˈskagəl/ (say skahguhl) noun Arthur, born 1938, UK miners union leader … Australian English dictionary
Scargill House — is a Christian Conference Centre [cite web|url=http://www.scargillhouse.co.uk/indexflash.html|title=Welcome to Scargill|work=Scargill House website|year=2007|accessdate=2007 06 22] located in Wharfedale, in the county of North Yorkshire, England … Wikipedia
Arthur Scargill — ➡ Scargill * * * … Universalium
Arthur Scargill — Scargill redirects here. For other uses, see Scargill (disambiguation). Arthur Scargill Arthur Scargill speaks at a Socialist Labour Party public meeting in Pontypridd in 2010 Born 11 January 1938 (1938 … Wikipedia
Arthur Scargill — à un meeting du Socialist Labour Party à Pontypridd en 2010. Arthur Scargill, né le 11 janvier 1938 à Barnsley (Yorkshire, Grande Bretagne) est u … Wikipédia en Français
Arthur Scargill — (* 11. Januar 1938 in Worsbrough Dale, South Yorkshire) war von 1981 bis 2000 der Chef der britischen Gewerkschaft National Union of Mineworkers (NUM), gründete 1996 die Socialist Labour Party und ist seitdem deren Vorsitzender. Bekannt wurde er… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Cowan v Scargill — Picketing during the Miners strike Court High Court Citation(s)  Ch 270 Case opinions … Wikipedia