The famous Victorian etymologist Canon C W Bardsley indicated that this name was both residential and locational with some surname holders descended from the village of Achurch in the county of Northamptonshire. In the 1086 Domesday Book the village is shown as 'Asechirce', which does not mean 'at the church' but 'Asa's church', with 'Asa' being a tribal personal that still survives. Modern research indicates that the phrase 'atte church' was occupational and described one who worked at the church, rather than somebody who lived near by. Medieval villages grouped themselves around the church as a matter of course, it could have been said that everybodys 'postal' address was 'atte church'. The rarity of the surname proves that it had a more specific meaning. Early examples of the surname recording include Emma ate Cherch of Oxford, in the 1273 Hundred Rolls, Robert atte Chyrche of Norfolk, also in the 1273 Rolls, whilst John Attecherch was the rector of Merton in Norfolk, also in the same year of 1273. Later examples showing the marvellous variety of spelling usually associated with the prominent dialects of the late medieval period, are those of William Attechirche of County Norfolk in the twenty ninth year of the reign of King Edward 1st (1302), whilst 'Agnes, wyff to Pall Atkyrke' is recorded in the Yorkshire Visitation of the year 1520, in the reign of KIng Henry V111 (1510 -1547). The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Robert ate Church, which was dated 1273, the Hundred Rolls of Oxfordshire, during the reign of King Edward 1st, known as 'The hammer of the Scots', 1272 - 1307. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

Surnames reference. 2013.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Achurch — (formerly Asenciran sometimes Thorpe Achurch) is a village in Northamptonshire, England. It was called Asechirce in the Domesday Book.It is part of the civil parish of Lilford cum Wigsthorpe and Thorpe Achurch and the district of East… …   Wikipedia

  • Janet Achurch — (1864 1916) was an English stage actress. She made her London debut in 1883. She played many Shakespearean roles, but is best known as a pioneer of major roles in the works of Ibsen. She played Nora in A Doll s House and produced and starred in… …   Wikipedia

  • Lilford-cum-Wigsthorpe and Thorpe Achurch — is the name of a civil parish in the English county of Northamptonshire.Forming part of the district of East Northamptonshire its main settlements are Achurch, Thorpe Waterville and Wigsthorpe.External links*… …   Wikipedia

  • A Doll's House — For other uses, see A Doll s House (disambiguation). A Doll s House Original manuscript cover page, 1879 Written by Henrik Ibsen …   Wikipedia

  • Thorpe Waterville — is a village in the English county of Northamptonshire.It is combined with Achurch to form the ecclesiastical parish of Thorpe Achurch ; in turn this is added to another combined parish, Lilford cum Wigsthorpe, to form the civil parish of Lilford …   Wikipedia

  • List of drug-related deaths — The following is a list of notable people who have died from drug related causes. Criteria for inclusion are death from overdose, death from organ failure/illness due to or exacerbated by drug use, or death from suicide/misadventure under the… …   Wikipedia

  • Mrs. Warren's Profession — Mrs Warren s Profession is a play written by George Bernard Shaw in 1893. The story centers on the relationship between Mrs Kitty Warren, a brothel owner, described by the author as on the whole, a genial and fairly presentable old blackguard of… …   Wikipedia

  • 2009 North Queensland Cowboys season — The 2009 North Queensland Cowboys season was the 15th season in the club s history. Coached by Neill Henry and captained by Johnathan Thurston, they competed in the National Rugby League s 2009 Telstra Premiership and finished the regular season… …   Wikipedia

  • Mrs. Warren's Profession — Mrs Warren s Profession (Traducido como La profesión de la Señora Warren) es una obra escrita por George Bernard Shaw en 1893. Shaw dijo que escribió la obra para llamar la atención a la verdad de que la prostitución es causada, no por… …   Wikipedia Español

  • East Northamptonshire — For the former parliamentary constituency, see East Northamptonshire (UK Parliament constituency). East Northamptonshire District   Non metropolitan district   …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.