This unusual surname, recorded in 19th Century Registers of Germany and Poland under the variant spellings Babinska and Babski, is ultimately of Russian origin, and is either a metronymic from "Baba", "Grandmother" (originally a nursery word), or else a patronymic/nickname from the same word denoting a rather fastidious old man. Russian surnames are almost exclusively patronymic (occasionally metronymic) in form, and usually have the possessive suffix "-in" when formed from names ending in a vowel; hence, "Baba-in", contracted to "Babin". The Polish suffix "-ski" (equivalent to the French "de", and the German "von"), originally indicated association with a place, but later came to be used much more widely to form surnames, being attached indiscriminately to given names and nicknames as well as to locational names. Variations on Babinski recorded in Austria, Czechoslovakia and Russia include: Babak, Babski, Babicky and Babinsky. On June 4th 1820, Vinzenz Babinsky was christened at Litomerice, Czechoslovakia, and on September 21st 1830, Thomas Babinski was christened at Feszke, Graudenz, Westpreussen, Germany. A Coat of Arms granted to the family is recorded heraldically in Rietstap's "Armorial General", and depicts a silver horseshoe, points downwards, and a silver cross pattee, on an azure shield. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Mikulas Babak, which was dated 1673, recorded in Dobra Voda Mezirici, Maehren Kroenlande, Austria, during the reign of Leopold 1, Habsburg Emperor, 1658 - 1705. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

Surnames reference. 2013.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Babinski — oder Babinsky ist der Name von Joseph Babinski (1857–1932), polnisch französischer Neurologe Henri Babinski (1855–1931), französischer Kochbuchautor (Pseudonym: Ali Bab) Wenzel Babinsky (auch Josef Schmid, Anton Müller, tschechisch Václav… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • BABINSKI (J.) — BABINSKI JOSEPH (1857 1932) Médecin français né à Paris de parents émigrés polonais, connu surtout pour ses travaux sur le système nerveux. Après des études secondaires à l’école polonaise des Batignolles à Paris, Babinski est interne en médecine …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Babinski — Babinski, Joseph Babinski, signo de …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Babinski — (Joseph) (1857 1932) neurologue français d origine polonaise. || MED Signe de Babinski: altération du réflexe cutané plantaire liée à une atteinte de la transmission de l influx moteur …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • babinski — bȁbinskī prid. DEFINICIJA koji se odnosi na babu1 ETIMOLOGIJA vidi baba …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • Babinski — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Patronyme Henri Babinski (1855 1931), dit Ali Bab, ingénieur des mines et gastronome français Joseph Babinski (1857 1932), frère cadet du précédent,… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Babinski — noun extension upward of the toes when the sole of the foot is stroked firmly on the outer side from the heel to the front; normal in infants under the age of two years but a sign of brain or spinal cord injury in older persons • Syn: ↑Babinski… …   Useful english dictionary

  • Babinski — Joseph F., French neurologist, 1857–1932. See B. phenomenon, B. sign, B. reflex, B. syndrome …   Medical dictionary

  • babiński — babińskiscy przym. od Babin ∆ hist. Rzeczpospolita Babińska «stowarzyszenie założone w połowie XVI w. we wsi Babin, będące parodią państwa, nadające swoim członkom urzędy analogiczne do państwowych (tytułem do otrzymania takiego urzędu było… …   Słownik języka polskiego

  • Babinski — n. reflex of the big toe (Medicine) …   English contemporary dictionary

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