This unusual and interesting surname is of German origin, and is from an ethnic name for someone from Russia, derived from the German "Reusse", the Middle High German "riusse", Russian. The name derives ultimately from a Scandinavian term meaning "rower, oarsman", the Russian state having been first established in the 9th Century by Varangian (Norse) settlers who rowed up the rivers from the Baltic. In some cases the name was merely a nickname for someone who had some connection with an East Slavian region. A German noble family called Reuss trace their descent from Erkenbert, Lord of Weida, who was living in 1122; his descendants were appointed imperial stewards of Weida, Gera and Plauen by the Emperor Heinrich V1, in whose honour every male child in the family was called Heinrich. Heinrich the Young, Vogt (governor or steward) of Plauen (1276 - 1292), was bynamed der Reusser "the Russian" because he was the son-in-law of Sophie, daughter of Daniel, King of Galicia. The marriage was recorded in Germany of Hannss Reuss and Catharina Thierman on February 2nd 1553, at Schonbrunn, Oberfranken, Bayern. The surname is popular in America, one of the earliest settlers there was Francis Reuss, aged 40 yrs., from Bremen, who arrived in New York on the ship "Hansa", in February 1863. A Coat of Arms granted to a family of the name is a shield divided per bend gold and azure, with a silver demi horse rampant in the gold section, and two silver bars fesseways in the azure section. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of C. der Reusse, which was dated 1272, recorded at Franken, Germany, during the reign of the Great Interregnum, 1254 - 1273. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

Surnames reference. 2013.

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  • Reuss — bzw. Reuß bezeichnet: Reuss (Fluss), einen Fluss in der Schweiz Fürstenhaus Reuß, ein Fürstenhaus Reuß jüngerer Linie und Reuß älterer Linie, zwei ehemalige deutsche Fürstentümer und Bundesstaaten Volksstaat Reuß, einen Staat die Kleinstaaten… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Reuss — • Name of the two smallest states of the German Confederation Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Reuss     Reuss     † …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Reuss — may refer to:*Reuss River in Switzerland *Reuss (state) or Reuß, several former states or countries in present day Germany *Reuss Elder Line and Reuss Junior Line (House of Reuss), members include: ** several Princes Heinrich von Reuss ** Augusta …   Wikipedia

  • Reuss — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Río Reuss Vista del río Reuss en Lucerna País que atraviesa …   Wikipedia Español

  • Reuss — (la) riv. de Suisse (160 km), affl. de l Aar (r. dr.). Née dans le massif du Saint Gothard, elle traverse le lac des Quatre Cantons. Plusieurs barrages hydroélectriques équipent son cours supérieur …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Reuss — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Reuss (homonymie). Reuss La Reuss à Lucerne. Caractéristiques …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Reuss — ▪ historical principalities, Germany       two former German principalities, merged into Thuringia in 1920. In their final years they comprised two blocks, separated by part of Saxe Weimar Eisenach. The southern and larger block, or Oberland,… …   Universalium

  • REUSS —    name of two German principalities stretching between Bavaria on the S. and Prussia on the N.; they belong to the elder and younger branches of the Reuss family. The former is called Reuss Greiz (63), the latter Reuss Schleiz Gera (120); both… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Reuss — El Reuss es un río de Suiza, tiene una longitud de 158 km, y es uno de los principales afluentes del Aar. Es el cuarto río de Suiza en longitud, después del Rin, Aar y el Ródano. El Reuss nace en el masivo del Aar Gothard, cerca del paso de Saint …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Reuss — I Reuss   die, rechter Nebenfluss der Aare, Schweiz, entsteht aus der Vereinigung von Furka und Gotthardreuss im Urserental bei Hospental, durchfließt die Schöllenbachschlucht und den Vierwaldstätter See (Mündung bei …   Universal-Lexikon

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