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Reuven

Recorded in over seventy spellings forms including Reuben, Ruhben, Rubin and Rubel, to diminutives and patronymics such as Reubbens, Rubenovic, and Rubinivitz, this is a surname of pre 7th century Hebrew and/or Germanic origins. There is some confusion with the origin, in that it appears to derive from the given name of biblical times 'Reuven', meaning 'behold my son', but it may equally share roots with the German word 'rubin' meaning the ruby, and a derivative of the Latin 'rubeus' - red. There are few straight lines with names, and this is a good example of confused origins. Like many ostensibly Hebrew or Jewish 'names', it probably owes its original use in Europe to the legendary Christian Crusaders of the 12th century, who set out many times under different European rulers to 'free' the Holy Land from the grip of the infidel. In this self appointed task they were manifestly unsuccessful. Nethertheless it became the fashion for soldiers returning from the Crusades, to name their children after biblical figures, or at least people associated with the early Christian church. Most of these names such as Abraham, Isaac and Joseph as examples, were Hebrew, but they became 'christianized' in their early use as surnames, before in many cases, becoming predominently Jewish again after the 16th century! This particular surname was widely used in Germany, Poland, Russia and the Ukraine, but much more rarely in France, Italy and Britain. The earliest examples of the surname recordings in the world are to be found in surviving German charters and registers of the medieval period, and these include: Richter Rubynus of Brunn in 1240, and Nicolas Rubein of Munchen in 1377.Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

Surnames reference. 2013.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Reuven — (hebräisch ‏רְאוּבֵן‎) ist eine hebräische Form des männlichen Vornamens Reuben[1][2]; eigentlich ist es der Name für einen der Verlorenen Stämme Israels Bekannte Namensträger Reuven Moskovitz (* 1928), israelischer Friedensaktivist Riccardo …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Reuven — n. male first name (Hebrew); first son of Jacob (in the Bible); the first of the 12 tribes of Israel; Reuven Rubin (1893 1974), Israeli painter of popular art …   English contemporary dictionary

  • Reuven Rubin — (born Reuven Zelicovici; November 13, 1893 October 13, 1974) was a Romanian born Israeli painter and Israel s first diplomatic representative in rank of plenipotentiary minister to Romania.Citation last = Rosenfeld first = Jeannie author link =… …   Wikipedia

  • Reuven Rivlin — Portavoz del Knéset Knesset(s) 12ª, 14ª, 15ª, 16ª, 17ª, 18ª, (actual) Datos personales …   Wikipedia Español

  • Reuven Shiloah — 1949 Reuven Shiloah (hebräisch ראובן שילוח; * Dezember 1909 in Jerusalem; † 1959) war 1951 bis 1952 der erste Direktor des israelischen Nachrichtendienstes Mossad. Er wurde unter dem Namen Re uwen Zaslanski als Sohn eines orthodoxen Rabbiners in… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Reuven Yudalevich — (Yudelevitz, Yudelevitch) (1862 1933), was a funder and founder of the city of Rishon Le Zion, Israel. He was born in Kremenchuk, Ukraine, to his father Yehuda. He eventually married Batya Wissel, daughter of Avraham Wissel and had one son, Moshe …   Wikipedia

  • Reuven Moskovitz — (* 1928) ist ein israelischer Friedensaktivist. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben 1.1 Forschungsaufenthalt in Deutschland 1.2 Israelische Friedensbewegung …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Reuven Ramaty — (* 25. Februar 1937 in Timișoara; † 8. April 2001 in Silver Spring, Maryland, USA) war ein rumänisch stämmiger, israelischer, in den USA tätiger Physiker und Astronom. Reuven Ramaty wurde in der Stadt Timișoara in Rumänien geboren. Nach den… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Reuven Barkat — (* 25. Oktober 1906 in Tauragė, Litauen; † 5. April 1972) war ein israelischer Politiker und von 1969 bis zu seinem Tod Präsident der Knesset. Leben Nach dem Besuch einer jüdischen Religionsschule und eines jüdischen Gymnasiums in Litauen… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Reuven Frank — (7 December 1920 – 4 February 2006) was an American broadcast news pioneer.Born in Montreal, Quebec, Reuven Frank earned a bachelor s degree at City College of New York and a graduate degree in journalism from Columbia University. He then worked… …   Wikipedia

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