Redwing

Recorded as Readwin, Readwing, Redwin, and Redwing, this is a surname of truly ancient English origins. It has nothing whatsoever to do with a bird, red or otherwise, but derives from the pre 5th century personal name "Raed-wine." This translates literally as "Counsel-friend", and is a rare survivor of the pre Christian personal names, usually compounds, which were created from elements connected with often contradictory meanings such as war, peace, godliness, strength, power and many others. Most of these Anglo-Saxon names disappeared after the Norman Conquest of England in 1066, when it became politically correct to adopt French names. These in turn were greatly diminished by the large scale introduction of biblical and Greek names associated with Christianity, following the famous and highly unsuccessful Crusades to free the Holy Land from the Muslims in the 12th century. This personal name became a surname at about this time although the first recording of Readwinus de Broc, a Knight Templar or Crusader, recorded in the rolls of Suffolk in 1185 is not a surname, although Richard Redwynne of Cambridge, appears in perhaps the first hereditary surname recording in 1254.

Surnames reference. 2013.

Synonyms:

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  • Redwing — Red wing ( w?ng ), n. (Zo[ o]l.) A European thrush ({Turdus iliacus}). Its under wing coverts are orange red. Called also {redwinged thrush}. (b) A North American passerine bird ({Agelarius ph[oe]niceus}) of the family {Icterid[ae]}. The male is… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Redwing — Redwing, Hauptstadt der Grafschaft Goodhue des nordamerikan. Staates Minnesota, am obern Ende der Pepinsee genannten Verbreiterung des Mississippi, Bahnknotenpunkt, hat Tonwarenindustrie, Lehrerseminar, Weizenhandel und (1900) 7525 Einw …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • redwing — ● redwing nom féminin Pêche à chair blanche …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • redwing — [red′wiŋ΄] n. 1. a small European thrush (Turdus iliacus) with an orange red patch on the underside of the wings ☆ 2. RED WINGED BLACKBIRD …   English World dictionary

  • Redwing — Taxobox name = Redwing status = LC | status system = IUCN3.1 status ref = IUCN2006|assessors=BirdLife International|year=2004|id=51606|title=Turdus iliacus|downloaded=12 May 2006 Database entry includes justification for why this species is of… …   Wikipedia

  • Redwing — Filmdaten Deutscher Titel Redwing – Flucht vor den schwarzen Droiden Originaltitel Starship …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • redwing — /ˈrɛdwɪŋ/ (say redwing) noun a European thrush, Turdus iliacus, having chestnut red flank and axillary feathers …   Australian English dictionary

  • Redwing — baltabruvis strazdas statusas T sritis zoologija | vardynas atitikmenys: lot. Turdus iliacus angl. Redwing vok. Rotdrossel …   Paukščių anatomijos terminai

  • redwing — baltabruvis strazdas statusas T sritis zoologija | vardynas atitikmenys: lot. Turdus iliacus angl. redwing vok. Rotdrossel, f rus. белобровик, m; дрозд белобровик, m pranc. grive mauvis, f ryšiai: platesnis terminas – tikrieji strazdai …   Paukščių pavadinimų žodynas

  • redwing — noun Date: 1657 1. a European thrush (Turdus iliacus syn. T. musicus) having the underwing coverts red 2. red winged blackbird …   New Collegiate Dictionary

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