Axe

Axe is a locational surname which is of Olde English, pre 10th century origins. It derives from the Ancient British word for a river "Isca" which predates the Roman Invasion of 55 a.d., through the later "aesce" to the medieval "exe or axe." In effect the surname describes one who lived by the Axe Rivers in Somerset or Dorset. The Somerset river is first recorded in the Saxon Chronicles of 712 as the Aesce, the first recording as"Axe" being at the Taunton Assize Courts of 1244, in the reign of Henry 111 (1216 - 1272). However this did not refer to a surname, merely to people who had caused a disturbance at the "Axe." The first church recordings are as shown below, however it is possible that earlier recordings may exist on as yet unpublished charters or land rolls. Examples of the early recordings include Thomas Axe who married Alce Spragott at the village of Kingsbury Episcopi, Somerset, on October 20th 1592, whilst on September 9th 1605, John Axe married Ursula Dymond at Martock. The name is also recorded in London, the earliest example being William Axe who married Debora Dudley at the church of St Lawarence Jewry, on November 2nd 1626. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Agnis Axe, which was dated January 19th 1559, who married Thomas Andrewe at North Petherton, Somerset, during the reign of Queen Elizabeth 1, known as "Good Queen Bess" 1558 - 1603. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

Surnames reference. 2013.

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  • axe — [ aks ] n. m. • 1372; lat. axis « essieu » 1 ♦ Ligne idéale autour de laquelle s effectue une rotation. Astron. Axe du monde (cf. Coordonnées célestes). ♢ Géom. Droite autour de laquelle tourne une figure plane pour engendrer un solide de… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Axé — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Para otros usos de este término, véase Axe (desambiguación). Ivete Sangalo en Florianópolis El axé es un movimiento musical muy popular surgido en el estado de Bahía (Brasil), que se in …   Wikipedia Español

  • Axe — bezeichnet: das englischsprachige Wort für Axt und Beil River Axe (Lyme Bay), ein südwärts fließender Fluss in England, der in der Lyme Bay bei Seaton in den Ärmelkanal mündet River Axe (Bristol Channel), ein westwärts fließender Fluss, der bei… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • AXE — bezeichnet: Axe (Fluss), einen Fluss in Südengland Axé, eine brasilianische Musikrichtung Axe (Band), eine Hardrock Band .axe, ein von Microsoft AutoRoute verwendetes Dateiformat Der Markenname Axe bzw. AXE bezeichnet: Axe (Marke), eine… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Axé — (Aussprache: x=sch) ist eine brasilianische Musikrichtung, die ihren Ursprung in Salvador da Bahia im Nordosten Brasiliens hat. Ursprünglich ist Axé eine rituelle, religiöse Begrüßung, die im Candomblé und Umbanda verwendet wird und positive… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • axe — AXE. sub. masc. Ligne droite qui passe par le centre d un globe, et sur laquelle le globe tourne. L axe d une sphère. Il se dit aussi De la ligne qu on suppose qui passe par le centre de la terre, et par les deux pôles. L axe du monde. L axe de… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie Française 1798

  • axe — (US also ax) ► NOUN 1) a heavy bladed tool used for chopping wood. 2) (the axe) severe cost cutting action. ► VERB ▪ cancel or dismiss suddenly and ruthlessly. ● have an axe to grind Cf. ↑ …   English terms dictionary

  • Axe — Axe, Axeman Axe man, etc. See {Ax}, {Axman}. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • axe — AXE. s. m. Ligne droite qui passe par le centre d une Sphere, d un globe. L axe du monde. l axe de la terre …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • axe — |ch| s. m. [Infantil] Ferimento, dor ou doença. = DÓI DÓI   ‣ Etimologia: origem onomatopaica axe |ács| s. m. 1. O mesmo que eixo. 2. Linha imaginária que passa pelo centro de um corpo. 3. Segunda vértebra cervical. (Melhor que áxis.) 4. Espécie… …   Dicionário da Língua Portuguesa

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