Peat

This name has three possible origins. The first being an English diminutive of the personal name Peter, from the Greek "petros" meaning a "rock". The name may also have originated as a nickname for a delicate person. "Peat" being an older form of "Pet" as the following quotations suggest: "A pretty peat" - The Taming of the Shrew, and, "As sick as a peate" - Notes and Queries (1857). Finally it may be of locational origin i.e. "at the peat". One Richard de (of) Peyt is recorded in Somerset in 1327. However, we consider this to be the most unlikely source. In the modern idiom the name is spelt Peat, Peatt and Peet(t). One Thomas Peat (1708-1780), was an almanac-maker and edited the "Gentleman's Diary". The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of John Peat "a husbandman of Derbieshier" which was dated April 3 1635 - He sailed from London to New England on the ship "Hopewell" during the reign of King Charles 1, known as "The Martyr" 1625 - 1649 Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

Surnames reference. 2013.

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  • Peat — is an accumulation of partially decayed vegetation matter. Peat forms in wetlands or peatlands , variously called bogs , moors , muskegs , pocosins , mires , and peat swamp forests . By volume there is about 4 trillion m³ of peat in the world… …   Wikipedia

  • Peat — Peat, n. [Prob. for beat, prop., material used to make the fire burn better, fr. AS. b?tan to better, mend (a fire), b?t advantage. See {Better}, {Boot} advantage.] A substance of vegetable origin, consisting of roots and fibers, moss, etc., in… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • peat — peat; peat·ery; peat·man; re·peat·abil·i·ty; re·peat·able; re·peat·er; re·peat; re·peat·ed·ly; …   English syllables

  • Peat —   Peat consists of partially decomposed plant debris. It is considered an early stage in the development of coal. Peat is distinguished from lignite by the presence of free cellulose and a high moisture content (exceeding 70 percent). The heat… …   Energy terms

  • peat|y — «PEE tee», adjective, peat|i|er, peat|i|est. of, like, or abounding in peat: »A thin seam of peaty matter…along the bottom of a bed of clay (James Croll) …   Useful english dictionary

  • Peat — Peat, n. [Cf. {Pet} a fondling.] A small person; a pet; sometimes used contemptuously. [Obs.] Shak. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • peat|er|y — «PEE tuhr ee», noun, plural er|ies. a place from which peat is dug …   Useful english dictionary

  • peat — [pi:t] n [Date: 1300 1400; : Medieval Latin; Origin: peta, probably from a Celtic language] [U] a black substance formed from decaying plants under the surface of the ground in some areas, which can be burned as a ↑fuel, or mixed with soil to… …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • peat — [ pit ] noun uncount a type of soil consisting of decaying plants that can also be used as fuel …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • peat — c.1200, in Scottish L., probably from O.Celt. root *pett (Cf. Cornish peyth, Welsh peth quantity, part, thing, O.Ir. pet, Breton pez piece ). The earliest sense is not of the turf but of the cut piece of it …   Etymology dictionary

  • peat — ► NOUN ▪ partly decomposed vegetable matter forming a deposit on acidic, boggy ground, dried for use in gardening and as fuel. DERIVATIVES peaty adjective. ORIGIN Anglo Latin peta …   English terms dictionary


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