North

This is an English surname of antiquity and nobility. It is the hereditary surname of the Earls of Guildford, and during the 18th century was amongst the most prominent in the world's political circle. It has several possible origins. It could simply describe a person who came from the north (of England), but this seems unlikely as the name is prominent in the North country, as are the surnames West, East and South. The most logical explanation is that it was locational from a "lost" medieval place called North in the county of Norfolk, or from one of the more than a hundred places which include North in their title. Other possible explanations are that it was residential for a person who lived to the north of a town or village, or that it was nationalistic and probably sarcastic, describing a Norseman, literally a man from Norway. What is certain is that the name has been well recorded since the very beginning of surnames in the 12th century. These early recordings include John de North in Cambridge in 1257, William North of Sussex in 1296 and Agnes Bynorth in the rolls of Essex for the year 1301. Amongst the many important name holder was Brownlow North (circa 1580), one of the first translators of books, and Frederick North, Second Earl of Guildford (1732 - 1792), and most commonly known as Lord North. He directed the policy of King George 111rd which directly lead to the loss of the American Colonies in 1776. The coat of arms granted to the family has the blazon of a blue field charged with a gold lion passant, between three silver fleur de lis, signifying victory over the French. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Aylmar del North. This was dated 1230, in the Pipe Rolls of the county of Suffolk, during the reign of King Henry 111rd of England, 1216 - 1272. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was sometimes known as the Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

Surnames reference. 2013.

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  • North — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Astrid North (* 1973), deutsche Sängerin David North, US amerikanischer Sozialist Douglass North (* 1920), Ökonom und Wirtschaftshistoriker Edmund H. North (1911–1990), US amerikanischer Drehbuchautor… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • North — North, a. Lying toward the north; situated at the north, or in a northern direction from the point of observation or reckoning; proceeding toward the north, or coming from the north. [1913 Webster] {North following}. See {Following}, a., 2.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • north — [nôrth] n. [ME < OE, akin to Du noord, Ger nord, ON northr < IE base * ner , beneath, below > Gr nerteros, lower] 1. the direction to the right of a person facing the sunset; direction of the North Pole from any other point on the earth… …   English World dictionary

  • north — O.E. norð northern (adj.), northwards (adv.), from P.Gmc. *nurtha (Cf. O.N. norðr, O.S. north, O.Fris. north, M.Du. nort, Du. noord, Ger. nord), possibly ultimately from PIE *ner left, also below, as north is to the left when one faces the rising …   Etymology dictionary

  • North of 60 — Format Drama Starring Tina Keeper Tom Jackson Gordon Tootoosis …   Wikipedia

  • North of 36 — Directed by Irvin Willat Produced by Adolph Zukor Jesse Lasky Written by Emerson Hough(novel:North of 36) …   Wikipedia

  • north — [nɔːθ ǁ nɔːrθ] adverb north of something informal if an amount is north of another amount, it is more than that amount: • To be a big player, a company must spend somewhere north of $500 million a year. * * * north UK US /nɔːθ/ adjective, adverb… …   Financial and business terms

  • north|er|ly — «NR thuhr lee», adjective, adverb, noun. –adj. 1. toward the north; »the northerly window of the bedroom. 2. from the north: »a northerly wind. 3. of the north. –adv. 1. toward the north; northward: »The window faces northerly …   Useful english dictionary

  • North —   [nɔːθ],    1) Douglass Cecil, amerikanischer Volkswirtschaftler und Wirtschaftshistoriker, * Cambridge (Massachusetts) 5. 11. 1920; 1960 83 Professor an der University of Washington in Seattle, seit 1983 an der Washington University in Saint… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • north — ► NOUN 1) the direction in which a compass needle normally points, towards the horizon on the left hand side of a person facing east. 2) the northern part of a country, region, or town. ► ADJECTIVE 1) lying towards, near, or facing the north. 2)… …   English terms dictionary

  • North — North, v. i. To turn or move toward the north; to veer from the east or west toward the north. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

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