Nicholas

Recorded in over two hundred variation of the spelling from the traditional English Nicholas, Nichols, Nicklas, Nickless, Nicholds etc. to the Gaelic McNicol and McNickle, this is a surname of ultimately of Ancient Greek origin. It derives from the male personal name "Nikolaos", composed of elements "nickan", to conquer, with "laos", people, and popularly translated as "victory-people". This personal name was a great favourite amongst Christians throughout Europe during the Middle Ages, partly due to the fame of the 4th Century St. Nicholas, Bishop of Myra, who is regarded as the patron saint of children, sailors, pawnbrokers, and wolves, and was venerated in both Eastern and Western Churches. The personal name was in use in England before the Norman Conquest, and usually applied to a monk. It is recorded in the Domesday Book of 1086 as Nicolaus. Amongst the many early recordings are those of John Nichole of London in 1270, William Nicholas of Bedford in 1311, Gylbred Nycholay of Scotland in 1446, and William Nickless of Suffolk in 1783. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Waleram Nicholai, which was dated 1198, in the "Curia Regis Rolls of Suffolk", during the reign of King Richard 1, known as "Richard the Lionheart", 1189 - 1199. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

Surnames reference. 2013.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Nicholas — ist ein Familienname und männlicher Vorname. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Herkunft und Bedeutung 2 Bekannte Namensträger 2.1 Familienname 2.2 Vorname …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Nicholas V —     Pope Nicholas V     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Pope Nicholas V     (TOMMASO PARENTUCELLI)     A name never to be mentioned without reverence by every lover of letters, born at Sarzana in Liguria, 15 November, 1397; died in Rome, 24 5 March,… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Nicholas II —     Pope Nicholas II     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Pope Nicholas II     (GERHARD OF BURGUNDY)     Nicholas was born at Chevron, in what is now Savoy; elected at Siena, December, 1058; died at Florence 19 or 27 July, 1061. Like his predecessor,… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • NICHOLAS° — NICHOLAS°, name of two Russian czars. NICHOLAS I czar of Russia from 1825 to 1855. His reign was marked by a general reaction, the persecution of liberal elements in the country, and the oppression of religious and national minorities. Nicholas I …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Nicholas I — may refer to: Pope Nicholas I (c. 820 – 867), or Nicholas the Great Nicholas Mysticus, patriarch Nicholas I of Constantinople (852–925) Nicholas I, Bishop of Schleswig between 1209 and 1233 Patriarch Nicholas I of Alexandria, Greek Patriarch of… …   Wikipedia

  • Nicholas IV —     Pope Nicholas IV     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Pope Nicholas IV     (GIROLAMO MASCI)     Born at Ascoli in the March of Ancona; died in Rome, 4 April, 1292. He was of humble extraction, and at an early age entered the Franciscan Order. In… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • NICHOLAS° — NICHOLAS°, name of five popes. NICHOLAS III (Giovanni Gaetano Orsini), pope 1277–80. During his brief reign Nicholas displayed a considerable zeal for the conversion of the Jews. His bull Vineam sorce encouraged conversion through sermons and… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Nicholas IV — can refer to: Pope Nicholas IV (1288–1292) Patriarch Nicholas IV of Constantinople (1147–1151) Patriarch Nicholas IV of Alexandria (1412–1417) This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the same personal name. If an …   Wikipedia

  • Nicholas — Nicholas1 [nik′ə ləs] n. [ME < OFr Nicolas < L Nicolaus < Gr Nikolaos < nikē, victory + laos, the people] a masculine name: dim. Nick; equiv. L. Nicolaus, Fr. & Sp. Nicolas, Ger. Nikolaus, It. Niccolo, Russ. Nikolai Nicholas2 [nik′ə… …   English World dictionary

  • Nicholas — (Лаганас,Греция) Категория отеля: Адрес: Main Street, Лаганас, 29100, Греция Опи …   Каталог отелей

  • Nichŏlas — Nichŏlas, 1) Grafschaft im Staate Virginia (Nordamerika), 28 QM.; Flüsse: Kanawha, Gauley u. Meadow Rivers; gebirgig, mit großen Waldungen; Producte: Mais, Hafer; Rindvieh; 1818 organisirt; 1850: 3963 Ew., worunter 73 Sklaven; 2) Grafschaft im… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.