This interesting surname, of English and Welsh origin with variant spellings Nicholls, Nichols, Nickols, Nickolls, Nicolls, Niccols, Nicholes, Nickoles and Nickels, is a patronymic from the given name "Nicholas", itself coming from the Greek personal name "Nikolaos", deriving from "nikan", to conquer, and "laos", meaning "people". As a personal name it is found in the Domesday Book of 1086. The surname dates back to the late 12th Century (see below), and further early recordings include: John Nichole (circa 1270), in "Unpublished documents in the Essex Records Office", Chelmsford, and William Nicholas, in "A Descriptive Catalogue of Ancient Deeds, Berkshire". Recordings from English Church Registers include: the marriage of Ellen Nickolls and Humfry Walden on October 26th 1589, at St. Dunstan's, Stepney, and the marriage of Elizabeth Nichols and Brian Webster on December 3rd 1592, in Prescot, Lancashire. One William Nicholls was recorded as resident in the parish of "Jordans Jorney", near "Charles Cittie", in Virginia in 1624, having arrived on the "Dutie" in 1618. A Coat of Arms granted to a family of the name is on a blue shield, two ermine bars, in chief three gold suns, the Crest being out of a gold ducal coronet, a silver demi lion rampant. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Waleram Nicholai, which was dated 1198, in the "Curia Regis Rolls of Suffolk", during the reign of King Richard 1, known as "The Lionheart", 1189 - 1199. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

Surnames reference. 2013.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Niccols, Richard — (1584 1616)    Born in London, at the age of 12 he accompanied the Earl of Nottingham on board the Ark Raleigh Galleon (later Ark Royal) in the battle against the Spanish at Cadiz. In several of his poems Niccols refers to that battle, when a… …   British and Irish poets

  • Mirror for Magistrates — is a collection of English poems from the Tudor period by various authors which retell the lives and the tragic ends of various historical figures. Contents 1 Background 2 Contributors 3 Editions …   Wikipedia

  • Coney Island — Satellitenbild von Coney Island Strand …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Evan Rachel Wood — bei der Premiere des Films Whatever Works auf dem Tribeca Film Festival, April 2009 Evan Rachel Wood (* 7. September 1987 in Raleigh, North Carolina; eigentlich Evan Rachael Wood) ist eine US amerikanische Schauspielerin …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Evan Wood — Evan Rachel Wood im September 2007 auf dem 32. Toronto International Film Festival Evan Rachel Wood (* 7. September 1987 in Raleigh, North Carolina; eigentlich Evan Rachael Wood) ist eine US amerikanische Schauspielerin …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Jude Law — beim Internationalen Film Festival in Toronto (2007) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Lord of War — Filmdaten Deutscher Titel Lord of War – Händler des Todes Originaltitel Lord of War Produktionsland …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Nicolls — Richard Nicolls (* 1624 in Ampthill, Bedfordshire; † 28. Mai 1672 auf dem Schiff Royal Prince vor der Küste von Suffolk) war von 1664 bis 1668 der erste englische Gouverneur der Kolonie New York. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben 1.1 Militärische… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • S1m0ne — Filmdaten Deutscher Titel S1m0ne Produktionsland USA …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Simone (Film) — Filmdaten Deutscher Titel: S1m0ne Originaltitel: S1m0ne Produktionsland: USA Erscheinungsjahr: 2002 Länge: 117 Minuten Originalsprache: Englisch …   Deutsch Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.