This most interesting surname is of Anglo-Saxon origin, and is a topographical name for someone who lived near a meadow, pasture or patch of arable land, from the Olde English pre 7th Century "aet", Middle English "atte", meaning "at" with the Olde English "leah", Middle English "lee", wood, clearing in a wood. Hence, Atlay has retained the preposition "aet" which has, down through the ages, been fused to the second element, as in the case of the names Byfield, Uphill, Underdown, and many more. The surname is also found in the modern idiom as At(t)lee, Atley and Attle. It first appears in records in the late 13th Century (see below), and John Attele was recorded in the Hundred Rolls of Berkshire in 1276. Other early examples of the surname include: William atte Leye, recorded in the Subsidy Rolls of Sussex in 1296, and Thomas Attlee, who was mentioned in Suffolk in 1327, in the Pinchbeck Registers. An interesting namebearer, mentioned in the "Dictionary of National Biography", was one Rev. James Atlay (1817 - 1894), who was bishop of Hereford from 1868 - 1894, and was granted a Coat of Arms which depicts a fesse between three black crescents on a silver shield. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Robert Atte Lee, which was dated 1275, in the "Subsidy Rolls of Worcestershire", during the reign of King Edward 1, known as "The Hammer of the Scots", 1272 - 1307. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

Surnames reference. 2013.

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  • Attlee — ist der Name einer britischen Politikerfamilie. Die bekanntesten Mitglieder sind: Clement Attlee (1883 1967), Premierminister des Vereinigten Königreiches von 1945 bis 1951 John Attlee (* 1956), Mitglied des britischen Oberhauses und Enkel von… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • ATTLEE (C.) — ATTLEE CLEMENT (1883 1967) D’origine bourgeoise, éduqué à Oxford, professeur à la London School of Economics de 1913 à 1923, Clement Attlee est l’homme de la première véritable expérience socialiste en Grande Bretagne de 1945 à 1951. Entré dans… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Attlee —   [ ætlɪ], Clement Richard, Earl (seit 1955), britischer Politiker, * London 3. 1. 1883, ✝ ebenda 8. 10. 1967; trat 1907 der Fabian Society bei und schloss sich der Labour Party an, war 1913 23 Dozent für Sozialwissenschaften an der London School …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Attlee — [at′lē] Clement Richard 1st Earl Attlee 1883 1967; Brit. statesman: prime minister (1945 51) …   English World dictionary

  • Attlee — Attlee, Clement Richard …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Attlee — (Clement, comte) (1883 1967) homme politique brit. Premier ministre (travailliste) de 1945 à 1951, il procéda à des nationalisations et entreprit la décolonisation …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Attlee — noun British statesman and leader of the Labour Party who instituted the welfare state in Britain (1883 1967) • Syn: ↑Clement Attlee, ↑Clement Richard Attlee, ↑1st Earl Attlee • Instance Hypernyms: ↑statesman, ↑solon, ↑national leader …   Useful english dictionary

  • Attlee — biographical name Clement Richard 1883 1967 1st Earl Attlee English politician …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Attlee — /at lee/, n. Clement (Richard), 1883 1967, British statesman: prime minister 1945 51. * * * …   Universalium

  • Attlee — Att|lee, Clement (1883 1967) a British politician in the ↑Labour Party who was Prime Minister from 1945 to 1951. His government established the UK s ↑National Health Service and the modern ↑welfare state …   Dictionary of contemporary English

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