This interesting and uncommon name is of Old French origin, introduced into England after the Norman Conquest of 1066, and derives from the Old French "avril(l)", the month of April, ultimately from the Latin "aprilis", a derivative of "aperire", to open, with reference to the opening of buds and flowers in the spring. The term was used as a given name for someone born, baptised or officially registered in April, or having some other connection with the month, such as owing feudal dues; it may also have been used as a nickname, perhaps with reference to the changeable weather of the month, "changeable, vacillating", or with reference to spring or youth. The surname from this source can be found as April, Averill, Averell and Avril, and early examples include: Robert Aprill' (1301, Yorkshire); Richard Averil (1322, Staffordshire); and John Aueril (1327, Sussex). The forms Averill and Averell are also found in Ireland, where they are associated with Counties Limerick and Tipperary since the mid 17th Century, and came to Ulster at the time of the Plantation. John Averill was bishop of Limerick in 1771, but was born in County Antrim. In London, Henrye Averill married Cycelye Meryfeelde on April 25th 1585, at St. Michael Cornhill. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Thomas Averel, which was dated 1275, in the "Subsidy Rolls of Worcestershire", during the reign of King Edward 1, known as "The Hammer of the Scots", 1272 - 1307. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

Surnames reference. 2013.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • April — is the fourth month of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, and one of four months with a length of 30 days. April was originally the second month of the Roman calendar, before January and February were added by King Numa Pompilius about 700 BC.… …   Wikipedia

  • APRIL — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom …   Wikipédia en Français

  • April — A pril, n. [L. Aprilis. OE. also Averil, F. Avril, fr. L. Aprilis.] 1. The fourth month of the year. [1913 Webster] 2. Fig.: With reference to April being the month in which vegetation begins to put forth, the variableness of its weather, etc.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • April — (nach Ein. v. lat. aperire, öffnen [weil die Erde sich im April zum Wachsthum öffnet]; nach And. von aper, weil in diesem Monat Schweine geopfert wurden; unter Kaiser Nero Neroneus, von Karl d. Gr. Oster , sonst wohl auch Grasmonat genannt); der… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • April — (lat. Aprīlis, nach Ovid von aperire, öffnen, »weil der Frühling alles öffnet«), im julianischen Kalender der vierte, im altrömischen der zweite Monat, von Karl d. Gr. Ostermonat genannt, weil Ostern gewöhnlich in ihn fällt. Er hat jetzt 30 Tage …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • April — April, der vierte Monat im Jahre, soll nach Varro seinen Namen von der Göttin Aphrodite herleiten, weil er dieser Göttin geweiht war, während Andere ihn von dem Schweizerworte »appern« (thauen) abstammen lassen. Die jetzt nochwenig gebräuchliche… …   Damen Conversations Lexikon

  • April — (lat.), Ostermonat, der 4. Monat des Jahres. Das dem deutschen Altertum unbekannte Aprilschicken am 1. A. stammt nach Grimm aus Frankreich als Rest eines altkelt. Frühlingsfestes …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • April — April, der 4. Monat des Jahres, von aperire, öffnen, weil er den Boden öffnet; er ist durch das Aprilwetter sprüchwörtlich und sein erster Tag durch das Aprilschicken, dessen Ursprung noch unbekannt ist, nach Deutschland erst in den letzten… …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • April — Historische Jahrestage März · April · Mai 1 2 3 4 5 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • April — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Sur les autres projets Wikimedia : « April », sur le Wiktionnaire (dictionnaire universel) April peut faire référence à : Sommaire …   Wikipédia en Français

  • April 1 — Day April 1 is most notable in the English speaking world for being April Fools Day.Events* 527 Byzantine Emperor Justin I names his nephew Justinian I as co ruler and successor to the throne. *1318 Berwick upon Tweed is captured by the Scottish… …   Wikipedia

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