Lancaster

This name is of Anglo-Saxon origin, and is locational from the English city in Lancashire thus called. The name was spelt "Loncastre" in the Domesday Book of 1086 and "Lanecastrum" in the 1094 Pipe Rolls of that county. The first element of the name derives from the river "Lune" on which the city stands, plus the Olde English pre 7th Century "ceaster", a Roman fort. The surname from this source is first recorded in the latter half of the 12th Century (see below). One Edmund, Earl of Lancaster (1245 - 1296) called "Crouchback", the second son of Henry 111 and Eleanor of Provence was styled King of Sicily by the Pope in 1255 and renounced this claim in 1263, and is buried in Westminster Abbey. In 1327, one John de Lancaster appears in the Subsidy Rolls of Cambridgeshire. Other spellings of the name have included: de Langcastre (Essex, 1327), Longcaster (Yorkshire, 1494) and Lankester (Suffolk, 1565). On July 4th 1635, one Gowen Lancaster, aged 28 yrs., embarked from London on the ship "Transport" bound for Virginia. He was one of the first recorded namebearers to enter America. Joseph Lancaster (1778 - 1838) found the Lancasterian system of education; he founded a Free School for a thousand boys in 1801. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of William de Lonecastre, which was dated 1175, in the "Cartulary of Staffordshire", during the reign of King Henry 11, known as "The Builder of Churches" 1154 - 1189. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

Surnames reference. 2013.

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  • Lancaster — Lancaster, usually derived from the city of Lancaster in England, can refer to: Geographic locations Australia*Lancaster, VictoriaCanada*Lancaster, New Brunswick *Lancaster, Ontario *Lancaster Sound, in Nunavut England *Lancaster, Lancashire, a… …   Wikipedia

  • Lancaster — ist der Name folgender Orte: Lancaster (Lancashire), Großbritannien City of Lancaster, Verwaltungsbezirk in der Grafschaft Lancashire, Großbritannien Lancaster (Ontario), Kanada Lancaster (Iowa), USA Lancaster (Kalifornien), USA Lancaster… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Lancaster — Lancaster, WI U.S. city in Wisconsin Population (2000): 4070 Housing Units (2000): 1799 Land area (2000): 2.824285 sq. miles (7.314865 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 2.824285 sq. miles (7.314865 …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • LANCASTER — LANCASTER, U.S. city in S.E. Pennsylvania; general population 55,182 (2004); estimated Jewish population, 3,000 (mid 1990s). Lancaster is one of the oldest Jewish communities in the U.S. and was the main city of German settlement from colonial… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Lancaster — Lancaster, Burt Lancaster, Joseph Lancaster, casa de C. de Gran Bretaña, en el NO de Inglaterra, antigua cap. del condado de Lancashire; 49 525 h. C. del NE de E.U.A., en el SE del estado de Pensilvania; 57 690 h (área metropolitana, 117 097 h).… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Lancaster [1] — Lancaster (spr. Länkaster, Lancashire [spr. Länkaschihr], Lancas), 1) Grafschaft im Nordwesten von England, am Irischen Meere gelegen u. an die Grafschaften Chester, York, Westmoreland u. Cumberland grenzend; 83,35 QM.; waldig, im Ganzen wenig… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Lancaster — prop. n. 1. A city in Northwest England on the river Lune. [WordNet sense 1] [WordNet 1.5] 2. The English royal house that reigned from 1399 to 1461; its symbol was a red rose; called also the {House of Lancaster}. [WordNet sense 2] Syn:… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Lancaster — v. et port du N. E. de l Angleterre, sur l estuaire de la Lune; 125 600 hab. Université. Industries. Lancaster (Burton Stephen Lancaster, dit Burt) (1912 1994) acteur américain, héros de films policiers (les Tueurs, 1946), de westerns (Vera Cruz …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Lancaster, CA — U.S. city in California Population (2000): 118718 Housing Units (2000): 41745 Land area (2000): 93.998662 sq. miles (243.455407 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.178409 sq. miles (0.462076 sq. km) Total area (2000): 94.177071 sq. miles (243.917483 sq …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Lancaster, KS — U.S. city in Kansas Population (2000): 291 Housing Units (2000): 117 Land area (2000): 0.222556 sq. miles (0.576417 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.222556 sq. miles (0.576417 sq. km) FIPS code …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Lancaster, KY — U.S. city in Kentucky Population (2000): 3734 Housing Units (2000): 1758 Land area (2000): 1.777747 sq. miles (4.604344 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 1.777747 sq. miles (4.604344 sq. km) FIPS… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

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