Recorded oin several spellings including Cerman, Curman, Kerman, Kermon, Kirkman, Kirckman, Kirman, Kirmond, and probably others, this is an Anglo-Scottish surname. It can be either topographical or an occupational surname. As topographical it described someone who lived near a church or kirk, and as an occupational it was given to a person employed at a church and responsible for the adminstration of the church lands in a particular place. The derivation is from the pre 7th century Norse kirkja, or the English cyrice, with the suffix "-man". The southern English surname Churchman is an equivalent formation. Early examples of the surname recording taken at random from surviving rolls and registers include Charles Kyrckham in the register of students at the university of Oxford in 1597, Henry Kirmon of Kildwick in Yorkshire, on November 29th 1607, the marriage of Richard Kirkman and Agnes Cowburne at Fewston, Yorkshire, on May 16th 1622, and Robert Kirman who was christened at St Gregory's by St Paul's cathedral, city of London, on January 2nd 1628. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Robert Kirkeman. This was dated 1230, in the Pipe Rolls of Yorkshire, during the reign of King Henry 111rd, known as "The Frenchman", 1216 - 1272. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was sometimes known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

Surnames reference. 2013.

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  • Kirman — ist: eine iranische Provinz, siehe Kirman (Provinz) eine iranische Stadt, siehe Kirman (Stadt) der Nachname eines US amerikanischen Politikers, siehe Richard Kirman (1877–1959) Diese Seite ist eine Begr …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Kirman — Kirman,   Stadt und Provinz in Iran, Kerman.   * * * Ker|man, Kirman, der; [s], s [nach der iran. Stadt u. Provinz Kerman]: handgeknüpfter, meist elfenbeingrundiger persischer Teppich, oft mit einer rautenförmig gegliederten Ranken od.… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Kirman — [kər män′, kirmän′] n. a Persian rug or carpet having an elaborate design in rich, muted colors …   English World dictionary

  • Kirman — (das Karmanien, Carmania, der Alten), südöstlichste Provinz Persiens, grenzt im W. an Farsistan, im N. an Jezd und Kuhistan, im O. an Belutschistan, im S. an den Golf von Oman, reicht von etwa 25–32° nördl. Br. und umfaßt im N. einen Teil der… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Kirman — Kirman, pers. Provinz und Stadt, s. Kerman …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • kirman — kìrmān m <G kirmána> DEFINICIJA posebno cijenjen perzijski ćilim ručne izrade, karakterističnih šara ETIMOLOGIJA perz. kirmanšah, kermanšah, prema Kermanu, gradu u jugoistočnom Iranu …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • Kirman — also Kerman noun Etymology: Kirman, province in Iran Date: 1876 a Persian carpet or rug characterized by elaborate fluid designs and soft colors …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Kirman — Kịr|man 〈m.; Gen.: s, Pl.: s〉 wertvoller pers. Knüpfteppich mit mannigfaltigen Mustern (Blumen, Ranken, Tieren, Medaillons), auch als Gebetsteppich mit kunstvoller Nische; oV [Etym.: nach der pers. Stadt Kirman] …   Lexikalische Deutsches Wörterbuch

  • Kirmân — Kerman  Pour l’article homonyme, voir Kerman (Californie) pour la ville californienne.  Kerman (fa) کرمان …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Kirman — /kir mahn , keuhr /, n. a Persian rug marked by ornate flowing designs and light, muted colors. Also called Kirmanshah /kir mahn shah , shaw , keuhr , kir mahn shah , shaw , kerr /, Kermanshah. [1875 80; named after KERMAN] * * * …   Universalium

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