Kedge

This unusual surname is English. It originates from the region of the country known as East Anglia, basically the coastal counties which stretch from the Humber River down to the mouth of the Thames. The surname spellings are very varied and include: Keach, Kedge, Keech, Keattch, Keetch, Keitch and Ketch. However spelt the derivation is from an early medieval dialectal term "kedge", thought to be ultimately of pre 7th century Norse origin, and meaning "brisk or lively". It is one of that interesting group of early European surnames that were gradually created from the habitual use of nicknames. These were given in the first instances with reference to a variety of qualities; for example, physical attributes or peculiarities, mental and moral characteristics, and often supposed resemblance to an animal's or bird's appearance or disposition. The 15th Century English dictionary known as "Promptorium Parvulorum", gives the example of "Kygge or Kydge: jocundus", that is jolly or lively. Early examples of the surname include: Alexander Kech in Norfolk in 1221; William Kigge of Lincolnshire in 1250; and Adam Kyg of Buckinghamshire 1276. Early recordings from surviving church registers include the christening of John Kedge, the son of John and Sara Kedge, on June 13th 1624, at St. Nicholas church, Colchester. The first recorded spelling of the family name is possibly that of Alured Keg. This was dated 1177, in the "Pipe Rolls of the county of Norfolk, during the reign of King Henry 11 of England, 1154 - 1189. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was sometimes known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

Surnames reference. 2013.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Kedge — (k[e^]j), v. i. [imp. & p. p. {Kedged} (k[e^]jd); p. pr. & vb. n. {Kedging}.] [Cf. dial. Sw. keka to tug, to drag one s self slowly forward; or perh. fr. ked, and kedge, n., for keg anchor, named from the keg or cask fastened to the anchor to… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Kedge — Kedge, n. [See {Kedge}, v. t.] (Naut.) A small anchor used whenever a large one can be dispensed with. See {Kedge}, v. t., and {Anchor}, n. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • kedge — [kej] vt. kedged, kedging [ME caggen, to fasten < ?] to move (a ship) by hauling on a rope fastened to an anchor that has been dropped some distance from it vi. 1. to move a ship by kedging it 2. to move by being kedged n. a light anchor, used …   English World dictionary

  • kedge — ► VERB ▪ move (a boat) by hauling in a hawser attached at a distance to an anchor. ► NOUN ▪ a small anchor used for such a purpose. ORIGIN perhaps a specific use of dialect cadge «bind, tie» …   English terms dictionary

  • kedge — 1. verb /kɛdʒ/ a) To warp (a vessel) by carrying out a kedge in a boat, dropping it overboard, and hauling the vessel up to it. ...there was a stretch of twelve miles of channel running in a north easterly direction which the ship could not… …   Wiktionary

  • kedge — /kej/, v., kedged, kedging, n. Naut. v.t. 1. to warp or pull (a ship) along by hauling on the cable of an anchor carried out from the ship and dropped. v.i. 2. (of a ship) to move by being kedged. n. 3. Also called kedge anchor. a small anchor… …   Universalium

  • kedge — Synonyms and related words: anchor, board, boom, cast anchor, cast loose, clap on ratlines, clear hawse, come to anchor, cut loose, disembark, dock, drop the hook, haul, haul down, heave, heave apeak, heave round, heave short, kedge off, lash,… …   Moby Thesaurus

  • kedge — [kɛdʒ] verb move (a boat) by hauling in a hawser attached at a distance to an anchor. noun (also kedge anchor) a small anchor used for such a purpose. Origin C15: perh. a specific use of dialect cadge bind, tie …   English new terms dictionary

  • kedge — [c]/kɛdʒ/ (say kej) verb (kedged, kedging) –verb (t) 1. to warp or pull (a ship, etc.) along by means of a rope attached to an anchor. –verb (i) 2. to move by being pulled along with the aid of an anchor. –noun Also, kedge anchor. 3. a small… …   Australian English dictionary

  • kedge — v. & n. v. 1 tr. move (a ship) by means of a hawser attached to a small anchor. 2 intr. (of a ship) move in this way. n. (in full kedge anchor) a small anchor for this purpose. Etymology: perh. a specific use of obs. cagge, dial. cadge bind, tie …   Useful english dictionary

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