- Recorded as Kalisch, Kalisz, Kaliszewski, and Kaliszek, this is a Polish and sometimes Ashkenasic, surname, and apparently one of royal or noble origins. It is described as being habitational from the town of Kalisz in Central Poland, the town name itself is believed to derive from the pre 7th century Old Polish word "kal" meaning muddy, and therefore cognate with the English "slough". If this derivation is correct these places must have been very muddy indeed, considering that little drainage existed anywhere! Habitational surnames were usually "from" names. That is to say names given to people as easy identification, after they had left their original homesteads to move somewhere else. This may only be the next village or some far away city, but the same principle applied. However the name could also refer to the local lord of the manor of his descendants. In Poland they were often distinguished by the suffix additive of "-ski", which originally had similar nobility status to the German "von" and the French "de", indicating land and estate ownership. In this case the earliest known record and possibly the oldest record in Poland is that of Miescko Kalish. He is given as being the Prince of Wladislaw, and was born at Poznan in 1162.
Surnames reference. 2013.
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KALISZ — (Ger. Kalisch; Kalish), city in Poznan province, W. Poland; it had the most ancient community in Poland. The first Jews to arrive there, in the last third of the 12th century, were minters. They served Mieszko III the Oldster, prince of Great… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
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Kalisz — Kalisz … Deutsch Wikipedia
Kalisz — Kalisz, poln. Name von Kalisch (s. d.) … Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon
Kalisz — [kä′lish] city in central Poland: one of the oldest Polish towns: pop. 106,000 … English World dictionary
Kalisz — Infobox Settlement name = Kalisz motto = Poloniae urbs vetustissima imagesize = 250px image caption = Town Hall image shield = POL Kalisz COA 1.svg pushpin pushpin label position = bottom subdivision type = Country subdivision name = POL… … Wikipedia
Kalisz — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Kalisz (homonymie). Kalisz … Wikipédia en Français
Kalisz — /kah lish/, n. a city in central Poland. 81,200. German, Kalisch /kah lish/. * * * ▪ Poland city, Wielkopolskie województwo (province), west central Poland, situated on the Prosna River. The excavations of a prehistoric village and… … Universalium
Kalisz — Original name in latin Kalisz Name in other language Gorad Kalish, Kalisa, Kalisas, Kalisch, Kalish, Kalisz, Kalia, Kalias, ka li shen, kallisi, kalysh, karishu, Горад Каліш, Калиш, Каліш State code PL Continent/City Europe/Warsaw longitude… … Cities with a population over 1000 database
Kalisz — Admin ASC 2 Code Orig. name Kalisz Country and Admin Code PL.86.3061 PL … World countries Adminstrative division ASC I-II