Jotham

This most interesting and unusual surname is of early medieval English origin, and is a variant form of the patronymic Judson or Jutson. The male given names "Jud(d)" or "Jut(t)" are themselves pet forms of the very popular medieval name Jordan, from "Jurd", frequently pronounced "Jud". At the time of the Crusaders it was common practice for crusaders and pilgrims to bring back flasks of water from the river, and to use it for the baptism of their own children; thus "Jordan" became a popular given name. The river name derives from the hebrew "Yarden", from "Yarad", to go down, descend, that is, to the Dead Sea. One, Hugo Judde appears in the 1204 Pipe Rolls of herefordshire, and an Alan Jutte, witness, was noted in the Assize Court Rolls of Cambridgeshire, dated 1260. in 1324 John Judson was recorded in the Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield, Yorkshire. John Jutsam and a Prudence Jutsham were entered in a "Calander of Wills and Administration in Devon and Cornwall", in 1561 and 1611 respectively. On December 5th 1723 Elizabeth, daughter of Edward Jotham, was christened at st. James's, Clerkenwell, London, and on November 10th 1850 John Jotcham married a Sarah Elizabeth Smith at Saint Martin's, Birmingham, Warwickshire. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of John Jutham, which was dated January 14th 1607, marriage to Elizabeth Mymmitt, at Pinchbeck, Lincolnshire, during the reign of King James 1st of England and V1 of Scotland, 1603 - 1625. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

Surnames reference. 2013.

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  • JOTHAM — (Heb. יוֹתָם; YHWH is perfect ; c. 758–743 B.C.E.), king of Judah; son of uzziah (Azariah) and Jerusha, daughter of Zadok (II Kings 15:32–33; II Chron. 27:1). Jotham became king at the age of 25 and, according to II Kings 15:33, reigned 16 years …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • JOTHAM — (Heb. יוֹתָם; YHWH is perfect ), the youngest son of gideon the judge. Jotham was the only one to survive the massacre conceived by his half brother abimelech , whose hired assassins slew 70 of the 71 sons of Gideon (Jerubbaal) on one stone (Judg …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Jotham — ( God is perfect ; also Yotam Hebrew: יותם) is the name of two people of the Hebrew Bible:1. The youngest of Gideon s seventy sons. He escaped when the rest were put to death by the order of Abimelech (Judges 9:5). When the citizens of Shechem… …   Wikipedia

  • Jotham — Jotham, Sohn des Königs Usias von Juda, wurde, während sein Vater aussätzig war, Reichsverweser in Juda u. folgte demselben 757 als König; er st. 741 vor Beendigung des Kriegs mit Israel u. Syrien; sein Nachfolger war sein ihn unähnlicher Sohn… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Jotham — Jotham, 1) Sohn des Richters Gideon, entging nach Richt. 9 dem Blutbade, das sein Halbbruder Abimelech den übrigen Gideonssöhnen bereitet hatte. Er trat dem Brudermörder, den man in Sichem zum Könige gewählt hatte, in einer am Berge Gerisim… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Jotham — Jotham, König des Reichs Juda 740 735 v. Chr., führte schon unter seinem aussätzigen Vater Usia die Regentschaft; unter ihm trat der Prophet Jesaias auf …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Jotham —    Jehovah is perfect.    1) The youngest of Gideon s seventy sons. He escaped when the rest were put to death by the order of Abimelech (Judg. 9:5). When the citizens of Shechem and the whole house of Millo were gathered together by the plain of …   Easton's Bible Dictionary

  • Jotham —    1) (fl. c. 12th cent BCE)    Israelite, youngest son of Gideon. He was the sole survivor of Abimelech s massacre in which all his brothers died (Judges 9). He escaped to Mount Gerizim where he denounced the Shechemites for accepting Abimelech… …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Jotham — Jọtham   [hebräisch eigentlich »Jahwe ist vollkommen«], biblische Gestalt aus der Richterzeit Israels; nach Buch der Richter 9,5 der jüngste Sohn Gideons; die ihm zugeschriebene Fabel (Buch der Richter 9, 7 15) warnt vor der Einführung des… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Jotham — 1) The youngest son of Jerubbaal (Gideon) who protested when the men of Shechem chose Abimelech to be their ruler (Judg. 9:7–21). 2) Son of Uzziah of Judah, king 750–734 BCE and therefore a contemporary of Hosea, Isaiah, and Micah [[➝  …   Dictionary of the Bible

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