Ironside

This famous and long-established surname may be either of medieval English or Scottish origin, and has two distinct possible sources. As an English surname Ironside belongs to that sizeable group of early European surnames that were gradually created from the habitual use of nicknames. These nicknames were originally given with reference to occupation, or to a variety of personal characteristics, such as physical attributes or peculiarities, mental and moral characteristics, and also to abits of dress. The derivation, in this instance, is from the Middle English "irenside", a compound of the Olde English pre 7th Century "iren", iron, and "side", side, initially denoting an iron-clad warrior, and later extended to mean "a man of great hardihood or bravery". The first and most famous bearer of this nicknames was Edmund Ironside, King of England in 1016. A quotation from the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, dated 1057, reads "Iren-side waes geclypod (so called) for his snellscipe (doughtiness)". In 1333, one John Irenside was entered in the Register of the Freemen of the City of York. Scottish bearers of the surname derive their name from Ironside in the parish of New Deer, Aberdeenshire, or from Earnside near Newburgh, Fife, so called from the Olde English elements "earn", eagle, and "side", side (of a hill). In 1570, Mage Irynsyd was recorded in Aberdeen, and Gilbert Ironside was bishop of Bristol, 1661 - 1671. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Hugh Irninside, which was dated 1297, in the "Coram Rege Rolls of Lincolnshire", during the reign of King Edward 1, known as "The Hammer of the Scots", 1272 - 1307. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

Surnames reference. 2013.

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  • Ironside — may refer to: * Ironside (TV series) , an American television series starring Raymond Burr * Ironside (novel) , an urban fantasy novel by Holly Black * Ironside (song) , an entry in the 1971 Norwegian national final of the Eurovision song contest …   Wikipedia

  • Ironside — ist der englische Beiname von Edmund II. (England) der Originaltitel der Krimiserie Der Chef Ironside ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Edmund Ironside, 1. Baron Ironside (1880–1959), britischer Feldmarschall Michael Ironside (* 1950),… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • ironside — i ron*side , n. a man of great strength and endurance, especially on who is brave. [PJC] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Ironside — I ron*side , Ironsides I ron*sides , prop. n. 1. A nickname for Oliver Cromwell. [PJC] 2. A nickname for Edmund II of England. RHUD [PJC] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Ironside — (engl., spr. air n ßaid, »Eisenseite«), Beiname des Königs Edmund (s. d. 3) von England …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Ironside — (engl., spr. eir nßeid, d.h. Eisenseite), Beiname des engl. Königs Edmund, auch der Cromwellschen geharnischten Reiter …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Ironside — name given to a man of great hardihood or bravery, c.1300, first applied to Edmund II, king of England (d.1016), later also to Oliver Cromwell and his troops. Old Ironsides as a nickname of U.S.S. Constitution dates from that ship s defeat of H.M …   Etymology dictionary

  • Ironside — biographical name William Edmund 1880 1959 1st Baron Ironside British field marshal …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • ironside — noun Date: 13th century a man of great strength or bravery …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • ironside — /uy euhrn suyd /, n. 1. a strong person with great power of endurance or resistance. 2. (cap.) an epithet or nickname of Edmund II of England. 3. (cap.) Usually, Ironsides. a. (used with a sing. v.) a nickname of Oliver Cromwell. b. the soldiers… …   Universalium

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