Hawkins

Amongst the long list of British naval heroes, the names of Sir John Hawkins and Lord Hawkins (no relation), the conquerors with Sir Francis Drake of the 1588 Spanish Armada, stand almost supreme. The name itself, deriving from the Olde English pre 7th Century "Hafoc" meaning "Hawk", is descriptive for one who possessed that bird's ferocious instincts. The name, as a personal name without a surname is recorded in the spelling of "Havok" in the Domesday Book of 1086, compiled by William the Conqueror. In the spelling form as Hawkins, the name is a double diminutive or patronymic which translates as "the son(s) of the son (kin) of the Hawk". The surname as "Hawk" is very early, being first recorded in 1176, when Roger Havech appeared in the Pipe Rolls of Dover, Kent; as "Hawkin" the first recording is that of Roger Havekin in the Essex Rolls of 1298; and as Hawkyns, the medieval spelling, the name is recorded in the early 14th Century (see below), whilst Agnes Hawkins, who married Roger Carpinter (as spelt) at St. Peter Westcheap, London, on August 4th 1560, is an early example of the "modern" spelling. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Margery Haukyns, which was dated 1327, in the "Subsidy Pipe Rolls of Worcestershire", during the reign of King Edward 111, known as "The Father of the Navy", 1327 - 1377. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

Surnames reference. 2013.

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  • Hawkins — steht für: Hawkins (Fernsehserie), US amerikanische Fernsehserie Hawkins ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Alvin Hawkins (1821–1905), US amerikanischer Politiker Augustus F. Hawkins (1907–2007), US amerikanischer Politiker Barry Hawkins (* …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Hawkins — may refer to:;Places in the United States:*Hawkins, Texas *Hawkins, Wisconsin *Hawkins (town), Wisconsin *Hawkins County, Tennessee;People;Fictional characters * Hawkins (TV series), American television series starring James Stewart * D.L.… …   Wikipedia

  • Hawkins — Hawkins, TX U.S. city in Texas Population (2000): 1331 Housing Units (2000): 558 Land area (2000): 2.244183 sq. miles (5.812406 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.006995 sq. miles (0.018118 sq. km) Total area (2000): 2.251178 sq. miles (5.830524 sq.… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • HAWKINS (C.) — HAWKINS COLEMAN (1904 1969) On a souvent dit que le saxophoniste ténor noir Coleman Hawkins, surnommé Bean (haricot), était «l’inventeur du saxophone ténor». Cette formule signifie que nul avant lui, en jazz, n’était parvenu à domestiquer… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Hawkins — Hawkins, John * * * (as used in expressions) Hawkins, Coleman (Randolph) Hawkins, Erick Hawkins, Sir John …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Hawkins, TX — U.S. city in Texas Population (2000): 1331 Housing Units (2000): 558 Land area (2000): 2.244183 sq. miles (5.812406 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.006995 sq. miles (0.018118 sq. km) Total area (2000): 2.251178 sq. miles (5.830524 sq. km) FIPS code …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Hawkins, WI — U.S. village in Wisconsin Population (2000): 317 Housing Units (2000): 147 Land area (2000): 2.189097 sq. miles (5.669735 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.018895 sq. miles (0.048938 sq. km) Total area (2000): 2.207992 sq. miles (5.718673 sq. km) FIPS …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Hawkins [1] — Hawkins (spr. Haokinns), Grafschaft im Staate Tennessee (Nordamerika), an den Staat Virginia grenzend, 30 QM., von dem Clinch u. Holston Rivers durchflossen, theilweis gebirgig (Clinch Mountain); Producte: Mais, Hafer, Weizen, Rindvieh, Schweine; …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Hawkins [2] — Hawkins (spr. Haokins), 1) Sir John, geb. 1520 in Plymouth; machte in seiner Jugend große Seereisen auf Kauffahrteischiffen mit, namentlich längs der Küste von Afrika, nach China u. Westindien u. beschrieb selbst seine Abenteuer, zeichnete sich… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Hawkins — (spr. haokĭns), 1) Sir John, engl. Seefahrer, geb. um 1520 in Plymouth, gest. 21. Nov. 1595, war einer der ersten englischen Sklavenhändler und erwarb durch Menschenhandel zwischen Afrika und Westindien großen Reichtum. Von der Königin Elisabeth… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Hawkins — (Hahkins), Sir John, engl. Seemann unter Königin Elisabeth, geb. 1520 zu Plymouth, gest. 1595, der 1. Engländer, welcher Sklavenhandel trieb u. zu diesem Zwecke die Küsten Afrikas befuhr; er focht auch gegen die Armada, griff mit Drake das span.… …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

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