This ancient and distinguished surname is of Anglo-Saxon origin, and may belong to any of three distinct surname categories. Firstly, Hawke may derive from the Olde English pre 7th Century male given "H(e)afoc", Hawk, originally a byname denoting a fierce, rapacious person, or one with a large hooked nose. "Hauok" (without surname) was recorded in the 1066 Winton Book of Hampshire, and an Osbertus filius (son of) Hauoc was noted in the 1115 Old English Byname Register of Oxfordshire. The second possibility is that Hawke is a metonymic occupational name for someone who bred and trained hawks, from the Middle English "hau(l)k, haueke" (Olde English "heafoc"). Hawking was a major medieval sport, and the provision and training of hawks for a feudal lord was a not uncommon obligation in lieu of rent. One Robert Hauk was recorded in the 1269 Assize Rolls of Northumberland, and in 1379, an Adam Hawke appears in the Poll Tax Returns of Yorkshire. Finally, Hawke may be a topographical name from residence by a nook or crag, from the Middle English "halke" (Olde English "halh"), angle, corner, recess, as in William del Halk (Suffolk, 1188). Edward Hawke (1705 - 1781) became admiral of the fleet in 1768 following a distinguished naval career, and was created Baron Hawke of Great Britain in 1776. The Hawke Coat of Arms is a silver shield with a chevron erminois between three purple pilgrims' staves. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Ralph Hauoc, which was dated 1130, in the "Pipe Rolls of London", during the reign of King Henry 1, known as "The Lion of Justice", 1100 - 1135. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

Surnames reference. 2013.

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  • Hawke — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Bob Hawke (* 1929), australischer Politiker Edward Hawke, 1. Baron Hawke (1705 1781), britischer Admiral Ethan Hawke (* 1970), US amerikanischer Schauspieler Siehe auch: Hawke Bay, Bucht auf der Ostseite… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Hawke [1] — Hawke, 1) Vorgebirg an der Ostküste von Neu Holland (Australien); 2) Bai an der Ostküste der Neuseelandsinsel Eaheino Mauve; 3) Insel u. Bai an der Ostküste von Labrador (Nordamerika) …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Hawke [2] — Hawke, Lord Edward, Baron H. and Towton, Sohn eines englischen Rechtsgelehrten, nahm früh Seedienste, wurde 1734 Capitän, 1748 Viceadmiral u. schlug als solcher 1759 die Flotte, welche von Brest aus in England landen sollte, wurde Viceadmiral,… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Hawke —   [hɔːk],    1) Edward, 1. Baron (seit 1776), britischer Admiral, * London 1705, ✝ Sunbury on Thames (bei London) 17. 10. 1781; besiegte die französische Flotte im Österreichen Erbfolgekrieg bei der Insel Belle Île (1747) und im Siebenjährigen… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Hawke — NOTOC Hawke is a surname, and may refer to:People* Albert Hawke, ex premier of Western Australia * Alex Hawke, Australian politician * Bob Hawke, ex prime minister of Australia * Brett Hawke, Australian Olympic swimmer * Davis Wolfgang Hawke, U.S …   Wikipedia

  • Hawke — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Patronyme Hawke est un nom de famille notamment porté par : Bob Hawke (né en 1929) est le 23e premier ministre australien. Colin Hawke (né en 1953)… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Hawke — I. /hɔk/ (say hawk) noun 1. Albert Redvers George, 1900–86, Australian state Labor politician; premier of WA 1953–59. 2. Bob (Robert James Lee Hawke), born 1929, Australian industrial advocate and federal Labor politician; president of the ACTU… …   Australian English dictionary

  • Hawke — I. biographical name 1st Baron 1705 1781 Edward Hawke English admiral II. biographical name Robert James Lee 1929 prime minister of Australia (1983 91) …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Hawke — /hawk/, n. Robert (James Lee), born 1929, Australian political leader: prime minister 1983 91. * * * …   Universalium

  • Hawke —    B His evidence on land grants in Upper Canada, 53 54 …   The makers of Canada

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