Hawk

This ancient and distinguished surname is of Anglo-Saxon origin, and may belong to any of three distinct surname categories. Firstly, Hawke may derive from the Olde English pre 7th Century male given "H(e)afoc", Hawk, originally a byname denoting a fierce, rapacious person, or one with a large hooked nose. "Hauok" (without surname) was recorded in the 1066 Winton Book of Hampshire, and an Osbertus filius (son of) Hauoc was noted in the 1115 Old English Byname Register of Oxfordshire. The second possibility is that Hawke is a metonymic occupational name for someone who bred and trained hawks, from the Middle English "hau(l)k, haueke" (Olde English "heafoc"). Hawking was a major medieval sport, and the provision and training of hawks for a feudal lord was a not uncommon obligation in lieu of rent. One Robert Hauk was recorded in the 1269 Assize Rolls of Northumberland, and in 1379, an Adam Hawke appears in the Poll Tax Returns of Yorkshire. Finally, Hawke may be a topographical name from residence by a nook or crag, from the Middle English "halke" (Olde English "halh"), angle, corner, recess, as in William del Halk (Suffolk, 1188). Edward Hawke (1705 - 1781) became admiral of the fleet in 1768 following a distinguished naval career, and was created Baron Hawke of Great Britain in 1776. The Hawke Coat of Arms is a silver shield with a chevron erminois between three purple pilgrims' staves. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Ralph Hauoc, which was dated 1130, in the "Pipe Rolls of London", during the reign of King Henry 1, known as "The Lion of Justice", 1100 - 1135. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

Surnames reference. 2013.

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  • Hawk — /hawk/, n. Mil. a medium range, mobile U.S. surface to air missile system. [H(oming) A(ll the) W(ay) K(iller)] * * * I Any of many small to medium sized, diurnal birds of prey, particularly those in the genus Accipiter. The term is often applied… …   Universalium

  • HAWK — oder HAWK findet Verwendung als Name oder Bezeichnung bei verschiedenen Waffensystemen: BAE Hawk, ein britisches leichtes Kampfflugzeug und Trainer, MIM 23 HAWK, ein mobiles (US amerikanisches) Flugabwehrraketensystem, RQ 4A Global Hawk, eine… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • HAWK — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Sommaire 1 Hawk / Hawks 1.1 Cinéma / Télévision …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Hawk — (engl. ‚Habicht‘) oder HAWK steht für: HAWK Fachhochschule Hildesheim/Holzminden/Göttingen, Hochschule für angewandte Wissenschaft und Kunst BAE Hawk, ein britisches leichtes Kampfflugzeug und Trainer MIM 23 HAWK, ein mobiles (US amerikanisches)… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Hawk — (h[add]k), n. [OE. hauk (prob. fr. Icel.), havek, AS. hafoc, heafoc; akin to D. havik, OHG. habuh, G. habicht, Icel. haukr, Sw. h[ o]k, Dan. h[ o]g, prob. from the root of E. heave.] (Zo[ o]l.) One of numerous species and genera of rapacious… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Hawk HF — en la celebración del centenario de Lancia en Turín en 2006. Exteriormente resulta indistiguible de un Lancia Stratos. Fabricante Hawk Cars …   Wikipedia Español

  • hawk — Ⅰ. hawk [1] ► NOUN 1) a fast flying bird of prey with broad rounded wings and a long tail. 2) any bird used in falconry. 3) a person who advocates an aggressive foreign policy. ► VERB ▪ hunt game with a trained hawk. DERIVATIVES …   English terms dictionary

  • HAWK — HAWK, bird of prey. Two genera of hawk are found in Israel, the Accipiter and the Falco, these being referred to respectively in the Bible as neẓ (AV, JPS = hawk) and taḥmas (AV, JPS = nighthawk ), mentioned among the unclean birds that are… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Hawk — (h[add]k), v. i. [imp. & p. p. {Hawked} (h[add]kt); p. pr. & vb. n. {Hawking}.] 1. To catch, or attempt to catch, birds by means of hawks trained for the purpose, and let loose on the prey; to practice falconry. [1913 Webster] A falconer Henry is …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • hawk — hawk1 [hôk] n. [ME hauk < OE hafoc, akin to Ger habicht, Pol kobuz, falcon] 1. a) any of various accipitrine birds having short, rounded wings and a long tail and legs, as Cooper s hawk, goshawk, and the harriers b) loosely any of various… …   English World dictionary

  • Hawk — Hawk, v. t. [Akin to D. hauker a hawker, G. h[ o]ken, h[ o]cken, to higgle, to retail, h[ o]ke, h[ o]ker, a higgler, huckster. See {Huckster}.] To offer for sale by outcry in the street; to carry (merchandise) about from place to place for sale;… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

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