Hartshorn

Recorded in the modern spellings of Hartshorn and Hartshorne, this is an English locational surname from a village of the same name in the county of Derbyshire.Both the village name and the surname have undergone some transition over the centuries, the village being first recorded in the famous Domesday Book of King William 1st, in the year 1086. Then it was spelt "Heorteshorne", which translates as "the stags horn", a horn being an outcrop of rock or land. Another possible explanation is that "the horn" was a physical feature in the countryside which had or maybe still has, some resemblance to a stag. Early surnames were often, as in this case, granted to the lord of the manor and his descendants, it being the easiest form of identification and status to call a person by the name of the place which he or she, owned. In due course this surname became hereditary, and as branches of the family developed, some would leave the original homestead and move elsewhere, whilst retaining the "family" name. Early examples of the surname recording include Richard de Hertishorn of Derby in 1273, and Alice Hertishorn, in the Fines Register of the county of Derby, in the year 1422. The first known recording of the surname is believed to be that of Henry de Hertishorn, in the Hundred Rolls of Derbyshire in the year 1272. This was in the first year of the reign of King Edward 1st of England, 1272 - 1307.

Surnames reference. 2013.

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  • Hartshorn — Harts horn ( h[^o]rn ), n. 1. The horn or antler of the hart, or male red deer. [1913 Webster] 2. Spirits of hartshorn (see below); volatile salts. [1913 Webster] {Hartshorn plantain} (Bot.), an annual species of plantain ({Plantago Coronopus});… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • hartshorn — ammonium carbonate, O.E. heortes hornes, from HART (Cf. hart) + HORN (Cf. horn) (n.). So called because a main early source of ammonia was the antlers of harts …   Etymology dictionary

  • hartshorn — [härts′hôrn΄] n. 1. a hart s antler 2. Now Rare ammonium carbonate, used in smelling salts; sal volatile: so called because formerly obtained from deers antlers …   English World dictionary

  • Hartshorn — Various substances were made from the shavings of the animals horns.The oil of hartshorn is a crude animal oil obtained from the destructive distillation of the deers bones or horns.The salt of hartshorn actually refers to two distinct substances …   Wikipedia

  • hartshorn — noun /ˈhɑːtshɔːn/ a) The antler of a hart, once used as a source of ammonia. Sophia, who had tottered along with much difficulty, sunk down in her chair; but by the assistance of hartshorn and water, she was prevented from fainting away... b) An… …   Wiktionary

  • hartshorn — A mixture of ammonium bicarbonate and ammonium carbamate obtained from ammonium sulfate and calcium carbonate by sublimation; used as an expectorant and in smelling salts; so called because originally obtained from deer antlers. * …   Medical dictionary

  • hartshorn — n. Carbonate of ammonia (in solution), spirits of hartshorn, liquid ammonia …   New dictionary of synonyms

  • hartshorn — n. archaic 1 an ammonious substance got from the horns of a hart. 2 (in full spirit of hartshorn) an aqueous solution of ammonia. Etymology: OE (as HART, HORN(1)) …   Useful english dictionary

  • hartshorn — noun Etymology: from the earlier use of hart s horns as the chief source of ammonia Date: 1685 a preparation of ammonia used as smelling salts …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • hartshorn — /hahrts hawrn /, n. 1. the antler of a hart, formerly used as a source of ammonia. 2. ammonium carbonate. [bef. 1000; ME hertis horn, OE heortes horn. See HART, S1, HORN] * * * …   Universalium

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