This famous surname is regarded as being of Anglo-Scottish origins, although with Norman antecedents. Found in the spellings of Atkinson, Aitchison, Acheson, Aicheson, and Aitcheson, it is as a patronymic form of the medieval male given name Atkin or Adkin, itself a double diminutive of the Hebrew name 'Adam', meaning 'red earth'. Adam (as a baptismal name) is first recorded in the English Domesday Book of 1086, suggesting that it was an introduction after the 1066 Invasion. Certainly thereafter it became steadily more popular creating further diminutives such as Adcock and Atcock, with the same meaning. Early examples include Adekin filius Turst (Adekin the son of Turst) in the 1191 Pipe Rolls of Norfolk, and John Adekyn in the 1296 Records of Crowland Abbey, Cambridgeshire. William Atkyns was recorded in the Subsidy Rolls of Worcestershire, dated 1327, and John Atkinson was listed in the Assessments relating to the feudal lists of the county of Westmorland in 1402. Further examples are those of James Aitchesoun, master of the Scottish Mint in 1553, and Marc Aichesone or Acheson of Achesounes hevin (now Morrisons Haven), in 1609. A very interesting recording is that of John Atkinson, aged 24 yrs., who embarked from London on the ship "Bonaventure", bound for Virginia, on Janaury 15th 1634. He was one of the earliest settlers in the New World Colonies. The coat of arms granted in 1604 has the blazon of a red field, charged with a gold bend cotised, and thereon three red helmets. The crest is a wolf head erased. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of John Atkynsoun, which was dated 1387, in the "Records of North Berwick", Scotland, during the reign of King Robert 11 of Scotland, 1371 - 1390. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

Surnames reference. 2013.

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  • Acheson — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Archibald Acheson (1776–1849), britischer Politiker Dean Acheson (1893–1971), US amerikanischer Außenminister Edward Goodrich Acheson (1856–1931), US amerikanischer Chemiker James Acheson (* 1946),… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Acheson — may refer to:*Acheson, Alberta, a town in Alberta, Canada *Acheson (surname), people with the surname Acheson *Acheson Irvine (1837 1916), Canadian policeman *Dean Acheson (1893 1971), American statesman …   Wikipedia

  • ACHESON (D.) — ACHESON DEAN (1893 1971) Diplomate américain de la vieille école dont l’élégance britannique faisait dire de lui qu’il était plus anglais que l’ambassadeur de Sa Majesté. Né dans le Connecticut, Dean Acheson était d’origine modeste: un père… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Acheson —   [ ætʃɪsn],    1) Dean Gooderham, amerikanischer Politiker (Demokratische Partei), * Middletown (Conneticut) 11. 4. 1893, ✝ Sandy Spring (Maryland) 12. 10. 1971; Rechtsanwalt, wurde 1941 von Präsident F. D. Roosevelt ins State Department berufen …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Acheson — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Acheson peut faire référence à : Archibald Acheson (1776 1849), un gouverneur du Canada ; Kenny Acheson (1957 ), un ancien pilote britannique de …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Acheson — (as used in expressions) Acheson, Dean (Gooderham) Acheson, Edward Goodrich Wallace, (William Roy) DeWitt y Lila Acheson Lila Acheson Wallace Lila Bell Acheson …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Acheson — /ach euh seuhn/, n. 1. Dean (Gooderham) /good euhr ham , euhm/, 1893 1971, U.S. statesman: Secretary of State 1949 53. 2. Edward Goodrich /good rich/, 1856 1931, U.S. chemist. * * * (as used in expressions) Acheson Dean Gooderham Acheson Edward… …   Universalium

  • Acheson — noun United States statesman who promoted the Marshall Plan and helped establish NATO (1893 1971) • Syn: ↑Dean Acheson, ↑Dean Gooderham Acheson • Instance Hypernyms: ↑statesman, ↑solon, ↑national leader * * * achison, acheson (Scotch coin). See …   Useful english dictionary

  • Acheson — biographical name Dean Gooderham 1893 1971 American statesman …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Acheson — Ach•e•son [[t]ˈætʃ ə sən[/t]] n. big Dean (Gooderham), 1893–1971, U.S. statesman: Secretary of State 1949–53 …   From formal English to slang

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