Gray

Recorded as Gray, Graye, Grey, Greye, de Grey, MacGray, McGray, McGrah, McGreay, McGrey, and possibly others, this ancient Anglo-Scottish surname has at least two possible origins. The first was Old English and a nickname or personal name for a man with grey hair or beard, from the pre 7th century word "graeg", meaning grey. Although the name means the same in Scotland and Ireland,name holders there took their name from the early Gaelic word "riabhach" which also means brindled or grey. The second separate origin is French and locational. As such it is from the village of Graye in Calvados, Normandy, and was introduced into the British Isles after the famous Conquest of 1066. The village was called from the Roman personal name "Gratus" meaning welcome, with the suffix "acum," a settlement. Early recordings of the surname include Baldwin Grai, in the Pipe Rolls of Berkshire in 1173, and Henry de Gray, in the Pipe Rolls of Nottinghamshire, dated 1196. Other examples include Henry Gray and Jone Darby married at St. Margaret's, Westminster, on November 30th 1539 and Catherine MacGray, christened at Endell Street lying in hospital, city of London on March 17th 1763. Thomas Gray (1716 - 1771), the poet, was most well known for his "Elegy in a Country Churchyard", published in 1751. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Anschitill Grai. This was dated 1086, in the Domesday Book of Oxfordshire, during the reign of King William 1st, known as "The Conqueror", 1066 - 1087. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was sometimes known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

Surnames reference. 2013.

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  • gray — gray …   Dictionnaire des rimes

  • Gray — puede referirse a: Contenido 1 Apellido 1.1 Personajes 1.1.1 Botánicos[1] 2 Divisiones administrativas …   Wikipedia Español

  • Gray — (gr[=a]), a. [Compar. {Grayer}; superl. {Grayest}.] [OE. gray, grey, AS. gr[=ae]g, gr[=e]g; akin to D. graauw, OHG. gr[=a]o, G. grau, Dan. graa, Sw. gr[*a], Icel. gr[=a]r.] [Written also {grey}.] 1. any color of neutral hue between white and… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Gray — 〈[grɛı] n. 15; 〉 Einheit für die Energiedosis ionisierender Strahlen, 1 Gy = 1 J/kg = 100 rad [nach dem amerikan. Physiker Louis Harold Gray, 1905 1965] * * * Gray [greɪ; nach dem brit. Physiker L. H. Gray (1905–1965)], das; s; Einheitenzeichen:… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • gray — [ grɛ ] n. m. • 1975; de Stephen Gray ♦ Métrol. Unité de mesure de dose absorbée de radiation (symb.Gy) communiquant à 1 kg de matière irradiée une énergie de 1 joule. ⇒ rad. ⊗ HOM. Grès. ● gray nom masculin (de Louis Harold Gray, nom propre)… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • GRAY (T.) — GRAY THOMAS (1716 1771) Solitaire et mélancolique, grand admirateur de la nature «sauvage», Thomas Gray, l’un des grands noms de la poésie anglaise du XVIIIe siècle, manifesta aussi un intérêt profond pour les littératures celtique et nordique,… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Gray — Gray, GA U.S. city in Georgia Population (2000): 1811 Housing Units (2000): 713 Land area (2000): 2.418527 sq. miles (6.263956 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.009479 sq. miles (0.024550 sq. km) Total area (2000): 2.428006 sq. miles (6.288506 sq. km) …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Gray — /gray/, n. 1. Asa /ay seuh/, 1810 88, U.S. botanist. 2. Thomas, 1716 71, English poet. * * * (as used in expressions) gray fox Gray Asa Gray Thomas Otis Harrison Gray Anne Gray Harvey * * * ▪ physics       unit of absorbed dose of i …   Universalium

  • gray — gray; gray·ish; gray·ling; gray·ness; gray·son; gray·wacke; gray·ly; ti·gray; …   English syllables

  • gray — gray1 [grā] adj. [ME grai < OE græg, akin to Ger grau < IE base * ĝher , to shine, gleam > Czech zříti, to see] 1. of a color that is a mixture or blend of black and white 2. a) darkish; dull b) dreary; dismal 3 …   English World dictionary

  • Gray — (gr[=a]), n. 1. A gray color; any mixture of white and black; also, a neutral or whitish tint. [1913 Webster] 2. An animal or thing of gray color, as a horse, a badger, or a kind of salmon. [1913 Webster] Woe worth the chase, woe worth the day.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

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