Recorded as Allanby, Allenby, Allonby, Allamby, and Allemby, this is an ancient English locational surname. It originates from either of two small villages in the county of Cumberland called Allonby and Ellonby. The former is recorded in the Close Rolls of the county in 1274 as "Aleynby", whilst Ellonby appears in the Charter Rolls of 1267 as "Alemby". Both placenames are comparatively late formations (post Norman Conquest of 1066), and both share the same meaning and derivation, which is "Alein's farm". This is from the male personal name "Alein", meaning it is said, a spur, with the Norse word "-by", meaning a farm. Amongst the early examples of the surname recording are those of John Alomby, who was listed in the Register of the Freemen of the City of York in 1522, and Francis and Thomas Alanbye of Cumberland, are both recorded in the Oxford University Register of 1581, whilst the marriage was recorded in Cumberland of Robert Allonby and Catheren Borradell on May 28th 1589, at Holme Cultram. Amongst the heroes of the First Word War was General Henry Allenby, (1861 - 1936), later 1st Viscount Allenby. His successful campaign in Palestine in 1917 against the Turks, was one of the few clear cut achievements of that war. Even this was later lost by political ineptitude. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Adam de Aleynby. This was dated 1332, in the Subsidy Tax Rolls of Cumberland, during the reign of King Edward 111rd of Engalnd, 1327 - 1377. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

Surnames reference. 2013.

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  • Allenby — may refer to:*Edmund Allenby, 1st Viscount Allenby (1861 1936), a British soldier ** Named for the above: **Allenby Street, Tel Aviv, Israel **Allenby Bridge between Jordan and the West Bank **Allenby Square, name given in succession to two… …   Wikipedia

  • Allenby — ist der Name von Greg Allenby (* 1956), US amerikanischer Wirtschaftswissenschaftler Robert Allenby (* 1971), australischer Profigolfer Viscount Allenby Edmund Henry Hynman Allenby, 1. Viscount Allenby (1861–1936), britischer Feldmarschall,… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Allenby —   [ ælənbɪ], Edmund Henry Hynman [ haɪnmæn], seit 1919 1. Viscount Allenby of Megiddo and Felixstowe [ ɔv me gɪdəʊ ænd fiːlɪkstəʊ], britischer Feldmarschall, * Brackenhurst Hall (bei Southwell, County Nottinghamshire) 23. 4. 1861, ✝ London 14. 5 …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Allenby — [al′ən bē] Edmund Henry Hynman [hin′mən] 1st Viscount Allenby 1861 1936; Brit. army officer: commander of Brit. expeditionary forces in Egypt (1917 18) …   English World dictionary

  • Allenby — Edmund Allenby Le général Allenby Sir Edmund Henry Hynman Allenby (23 avril 1861 – 14 mai 1936), 1er vicomte Allenby, fut un général britannique. Bien que fâché avec Douglas Haig, alors commandant en chef de l armée britannique dès 1915, il… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Allenby — biographical name Edmund Henry Hynman 1861 1936 1st Viscount Allenby of Megiddo and Felixstowe British field marshal …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Allenby — n. family name; Edmund Henry Allenby (1861 1936), British field marshal, first governor of Palestine during the British Mandate …   English contemporary dictionary

  • Allenby — /al euhn bee/, n. Edmund Henry Hynman /hin meuhn/, 1st Viscount, 1861 1936, British field marshal: commander of British forces in Egypt in World War I and conqueror of Jerusalem (1917). * * * …   Universalium

  • Allenby — Al•len•by [[t]ˈæl ən bi[/t]] n. big Edmund Henry Hyn•man [[t]ˈhɪn mən[/t]] 1st Viscount 1861–1936, British field marshal: commander of British forces in Egypt in World War I …   From formal English to slang

  • Allenby — /ˈælənbi/ (say aluhnbee) noun Edmund Henry Hynman, 1st Viscount, 1861–1936, British field marshal; commander of British forces in Palestine and Syria in World War I …   Australian English dictionary

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