This long-established surname is of Old Norse origin, and is a topographical name from residence near an enclosure, normally a paddock or orchard, deriving from the Northern Middle English "garth", ultimately from the Old Norse "garthr", enclosed area, yard. Topographical surnames, such as this, were among the earliest created, since both natural and man-made features in the landscape provided easily recognisable distinguishing name in the small communities of the Middle Ages. In some instances, the name may be specifically locational from Garth, a minor spot in the Sunderland county borough of Durham. Early examples of the surname include: Mariota del Garth (Cumberland, 1332) and Willelmus del Garth' (Yorkshire, 1379). On May 14th 1564, William Garth, an infant, was christened at St. Crux, Yorkshire, and on November 13th 1572, the marriage of Thomas Garth to Ellynor Dickison took place at St. Andrew's, Auckland, Durham. A notable bearer of the name was Sir Samuel Garth (1661 - 1719), physician in ordinary to King George 1, and physician-general to the army. In 1700, he made a Latin oration over the body of Dryden as it lay in state at the College of Physicians. The family Coat of Arms is a gold shield, with two lions passant in pale between three black crosses crosslet fitchee. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of John del Garth, which was dated 1297, in "Early Medieval Records of Yorkshire", during the reign of King Edward 1, known as "The Hammer of the Scots", 1272 - 1307. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

Surnames reference. 2013.

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  • Garth — Primera aparición como Aqualad: Adventure Comics Nº 269 (febrero de 1960) como Tempest: Tempest N° 2 (diciembre de 1992) DC Comics Creador(es) Aqualad: Robert Bernstein y Ramona Fradon Tempest: Phil Jiménez …   Wikipedia Español

  • Garth — (g[aum]rth), n. [Icel. gar[eth]r yard. See {Yard}.] 1. A close; a yard; a croft; a garden; as, a cloister garth. [1913 Webster] A clapper clapping in a garth To scare the fowl from fruit. Tennyson. [1913 Webster] 2. A dam or weir for catching… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Garth — ist der Name von Jennie Garth (* 1972), US amerikanische Schauspielerin William Willis Garth (1828–1912), US amerikanischer Rechtsanwalt und Politiker Garth (Texas), Ort in den USA Diese Seite ist eine Begriffsklä …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Garth — Garth, n. [{Girth}.] A hoop or band. [Prov. Eng.] [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • garth — [gärth] n. [ME < ON garthr, akin to OE geard, YARD2] Archaic an enclosed yard or garden …   English World dictionary

  • Garth — Garth, Samuel, Arzt, aus Yorkshire, starb als Leibarzt Georgs I.; er schr. ein komisches Heldengedicht: The dispensary, Lond. 1696 …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Garth — m English and Welsh: from a surname, but often taken to be a contracted form of GARETH (SEE Gareth). As a surname it originated in the north of England, and originally denoted someone who lived beside an enclosure (Old Norse garðr). In modern… …   First names dictionary

  • garth — (n.) small piece of enclosed ground, northern and western English dialect word, mid 14c., from O.N. garðr yard, courtyard, fence, cognate of O.E. geard (see YARD (Cf. yard) (n.1)) …   Etymology dictionary

  • Garth — A garth is an enclosed yard or garden, especially that of a monastery cloister (ME.; ON, garthr ; akin to AS. geard)In addition, Garth may refer to these real people:*Garth Brooks, top selling American country music artist *Garth Crooks, former… …   Wikipedia

  • garth — ho·garth; ho·garth·ian; sog·garth; stack·garth; garth; …   English syllables

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