Galilee

This interesting northern English medieval surname, recorded in the spellings of Galley, Gally, Galey, Gally, Galilee and Gallally, has two possible origins. The first is occupational, and a metonymic or nickname for a galley-man, one who owned or sailed on a galley. A galley was a vessel which was principally driven by oars rather than sail, and whilst on the continent of Europe it generally described a warship, in England the meaning was more prosaic. Here it described a low built, flat bottomed vessel, used in rivers and shallow estuaries, and navigated with both sails and oars. The derivation is from the French word 'galie' and this was probably introduced after the 1066 Norman Conquest. The second origin is more romantic and open to conjecture. In the Middle Ages the word 'galilee' described the porch of certain churches, particularly that of Durham Cathedral. A family called 'Galilee' have been recorded in that area since the time of Edward 11, 1307 - 1327. It is also known that the spelling of this name also 'developed' into Galley and Galey. Early examples of the surname recording include William de la Galilye of Durham in 1337, Adam del Galay of York, in the Friary Rolls of 1304, and John Galley of Newcastle upon Tyne, in 1540. Amongst the earliest settlers in the New World was Thomas Galley, aged 20, who left London, England, on 'the 13 die octobris 1635' aboard the ship 'Amitie'. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Henry Galye, which was dated 1219 - in the Assize Court Rolls of the county of Yorkshire, during the reign of King Henry 111, known as 'The Frenchman', 1216 - 1272. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

Surnames reference. 2013.

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  • GALILEE — (Heb. הַגָּלִיל, Ha Galil), the northernmost region of Ereẓ Israel. Name The name Galilee is derived from the Hebrew galil which comes from the root גלל ( to roll ), and thus means a circle. It appears in the Bible in the combination Gelil ha… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • GALILÉE — Région du nord d’Israël, la Galilée est située entre la frontière du Liban et la plaine de Yizréel, et s’étend du Jourdain, à l’est, à la plaine côtière méditerranéenne, à l’ouest. Région de collines plus élevées au nord (haute Galilée) qu’au sud …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Galilee — • The native land of Jesus Christ, where He began His ministry and performed many of His works, and whence He drew His Apostles Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Galilee     Galilee …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Galilee — Galilée Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Galilée est le nom francisé du savant italien Galileo Galilei. La Galilée est une région du Moyen Orient. Sciences Les termes suivants doivent… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Galilee — ist der Name verschiedener Ortschaften in den Vereinigten Staaten: Galilee (Arkansas), eine Ortschaft im Crittenden County, im US Bundesstaat Arkansas Galilee (New Jersey), eine Ortschaft im Monmouth County, im US Bundesstaat New Jersey Galilee… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • galilee — [gal′ə lē΄] n. [ME galilie < ML galilaea < L Galilaea, Galilee: ? because, being at the less sacred western end, it was compared with the scriptural “Galilee of the Gentiles”] a porch or chapel at the western entrance of certain medieval… …   English World dictionary

  • Galilee — Gal i*lee, n. [Supposed to have been so termed in allusion to the scriptural Galilee of the Gentiles. cf. OF. galil[ e]e.] (Arch.) A porch or waiting room, usually at the west end of an abbey church, where the monks collected on returning from… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Galilee — northernmost province of Palestine, late 12c., from L. Galilaea, Gk. Galilaia, from Heb. Haggalil, lit. The District, a compressed form of Gelil haggoyim the District of Nations (Cf. Isa. viii:23). The adj. Galilean is used both of Christ (1630s) …   Etymology dictionary

  • Galilee — [gal′ə lē΄] [L Galilaea < Gr Galilaia < Heb hagalil < gelil ( hagoyim), lit., district (of the Gentiles)] 1. region of N Israel 2. Sea of lake in NE Israel, on the Syrian border: c. 13 mi (21 km) long …   English World dictionary

  • Galilee — For other uses, see Galilee (disambiguation). An orchard in Upper Galilee …   Wikipedia

  • galilee — /gal euh lee /, n. a porch or vestibule, often on the ground floor of a tower, at the entrance of some English churches. [1585 95; < ML galilaea porch of a church, lit., GALILEE; perh. alluding to Galilee as a country of Gentiles (as opposed to… …   Universalium

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