Biskup


Biskup
This early and very interesting surname, popular throughout Europe, is of Ancient Greek, pre Christian, origins. It derives from the word "episkopos", translating as the overseer, from the elements "epi", meaning on or over, plus "skopein", to look. The early Christians adopted the word for the headman of their local communities, and from the 4th century a.d. it was applied to a religious leader. Derivatives of "episkopos" include for example "obispo", in Spanish, and "bischof" in German, and "yepiskop" in Russian.. However spelt, and there are over one hundred forms ranging from Bisp, Evesque and Vesque, to Vesco, Bischop, Yepiskopov, and Piscotti, the surname did not refer to a bishop as such. It was either occupational, and described somebody who served in the household of a bishop, or it was a nickname for a person who played the part of a bishop in the travelling theatres of the medieval period. In England there was the strange custom of electing a "boy bishop" on St. Nicholas's Day, the 6th of December, and some nameholders may well derive from that source. The earliest of all surnames and hence their recordings are in England and Germany. These date from the 12th century and examples include Thurstan le Byssop, of the county of Essex in the year 1240, and Berchtoldus Episcopus of Oberweiler, Germany, in 1296, and Haintz der Pischoffer of Tiefenbach, Germany, in 1396. The first recorded spelling of the surname anywhere in the world is believed to be that of Lefwinus Bissop, which was dated 1166, in the Pipe Rolls of the city of Nottingham, England. This was during the reign of King Henry 11, known as "The Builder of Churches", 1154 - 1189.

Surnames reference. 2013.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • biskup — bȉskup m DEFINICIJA visoki crkveni dostojanstvenik u Katoličkoj i Evangeličkoj crkvi, poglavar određenog crkvenog područja (dijeceze) SINTAGMA biskup koadjutor kat. biskup kojega postavlja Sveta Stolica kao pomoć dijecezanskom biskupu ili… …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • Biskup — (polnisch für Bischof) ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Tim Biskup (* 1967), US amerikanischer Künstler Manfred Biskup (* um 1943–2010), österreichischer Dramaturg Marian Biskup (* 1922), polnischer Historiker Werner Biskup (* 1942),… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • biškup — bȉškup m DEFINICIJA reg. masni zadak, trtica peradi ETIMOLOGIJA v. biskup …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • biskup — {{/stl 13}}{{stl 8}}rz. mos I, Mc. biskuppie; lm M. i {{/stl 8}}{{stl 7}} w Kościele katolickim i innych kościołach chrześcijańskich: duchowny o najwyższych święceniach, mający najwyższą władzę w diecezji oraz wyłączne prawo udzielania niektórych …   Langenscheidt Polski wyjaśnień

  • Biskup — Übername zu nsorb., tschech., poln. biskup »Bischof«, vgl. Bischof(f) …   Wörterbuch der deutschen familiennamen

  • biskup — m IV, DB. a, Ms. biskuppie; lm M. i, DB. ów «w chrześcijaństwie: dostojnik kościelny, zwierzchnik diecezji, mający wyłączne prawo udzielania niektórych sakramentów, w kościele katolickim mianowany przez papieża» ∆ Biskup rzymski «papież» ‹z gr.› …   Słownik języka polskiego

  • Tim Biskup — (b. September 21, 1967 in Santa Monica, California) is an American artist generally considered to be a part of the group that has been dubbed Lowbrow (art movement) or pop surrealism.He works with playful and vibrant psychedelic imagery Citation… …   Wikipedia

  • Werner Biskup —  Werner Biskup Spielerinformationen Geburtstag 26. April 1942 Geburtsort Bottrop, Deutschland Vereine in der Jugend bis 1963 VfB Bottrop …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Dražen Biškup — Personal information Date of birth 28 December 1965 (1965 12 28) (age 45) Place of birth …   Wikipedia

  • Tim Biskup — (* 1967 in Los Angeles) ist ein US amerikanischer Künstler der Bildenden Kunst und Verleger. Seit Mitte der Achtziger Jahre veröffentlicht er kontinuierlich limitierte Auflagen von Kunstdrucken, Kleidungsstücken, Designer Toys, Büchern und… …   Deutsch Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.