This great and ancient name derives from the Greek "Alexandros", a compound of "alexin", to defend, plus "andros", the genitive form of "aner", a man; hence, "defender of men". Paris, son of King Priam of Troy, was given this name as a title of honour for saving his father's herdsmen from a gang of cattle rustlers, and it became hereditary among the Macedonian Kings. Alexander the Great (356 - 323 B.C.), who extended his dominions from Greece to the Punjab, was the most famous bearer of the name. The name was introduced into Scotland by Queen Margaret (wife of King Malcolm Ceannmor), from the Hungarian Court, where she was brought up, and in the 11th Century she christened her third son by this name. He became King Alexander 1, ruler of Scotland from 1107 - 1124. Two further kings, who reigned from 1215 to 1286, bore the name. Sir William Alexander, Earl of Stirling (1567 - 1640) was tutor to Prince Henry, son of James V1, and Secretary of State for Scotland from 1626 until his death. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of William Alexander, which was dated 1435, in the "Records of the Accounts of the City of Edinburgh", during the reign of King James 1 of Scotland, 1406 - 1437. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

Surnames reference. 2013.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Marta Olczak — Personal information Full name Marta Olczak Country represented …   Wikipedia

  • Interpersonal attraction — (known as biological attraction in animals) is the attraction between people which leads to friendships and romantic relationships. The study of interpersonal attraction is a major area of study in social psychology. In a colloquial sense,… …   Wikipedia

  • Prix Nike — Le Prix littéraire Nike (prononcer Nikê) (Nagroda literacka Nike) est un prix décerné chaque année depuis 1997 au meilleur livre polonais de l année par une fondation créée à cet effet. Son objectif est de promouvoir la littérature et les… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • United States Capitol — Infobox Historic building name=United States Capitol caption=The west face of the United States Capitol map type= latitude= longitude= location town=Capitol Hill, Washington, D.C. location country=United States of America architect=William… …   Wikipedia

  • Benson Polytechnic High School — Infobox School name = Benson Polytechnic High School imagesize = 150px motto = United by Spirit, Bonded by Name. established = 1919 type = Technical head of school = Steve Olczak location = 546 NE 12th Ave Portland Oregon coordinates =… …   Wikipedia

  • Piwnica pod Baranami — (The Basement under the Rams) is a Polish cabaret, one of the most famous cabarets during the times of People s Republic of Poland. Created in Kraków in 1956 by Piotr Skrzynecki. The cabaret continues its activity, despite the rumours that it has …   Wikipedia

  • Nike Award — For the Russian film award, see Nika Award. NIKE 2005 award ceremony with former Polish president Aleksander Kwaśniewski The NIKE Literary Award (Nagroda Literacka NIKE) is one of the most prestigious awards for Polish literature. Established in… …   Wikipedia

  • Community Boards — See also: Community Board Community Boards is a community based mediation program, established in 1976, in San Francisco, California, USA. The program utilizes volunteers from the neighbourhoods of the city, who work with people involved in… …   Wikipedia

  • American Wind Symphony Orchestra — The American Wind Symphony Orchestra (AWSO; also called the American Wind Symphony, abbreviated AWS) is an American musical ensemble comprising the wind instruments found in a symphony orchestra, which is dedicated to the performance of… …   Wikipedia

  • Bardosi — Sándor Istvan Bárdosi (* 29. April 1977) ist ein ungarischer Kickboxer und ehemaliger Ringer. Er rang im griechisch römischen Stil Bardosis Heimatverein ist der Vaci Formas SE Budapest. In Deutschland rang er für den ASV Bauknecht Schorndorf und… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.