This great and ancient name derives from the Greek "Alexandros", a compound of "alexin", to defend, plus "andros", the genitive form of "aner", a man; hence, "defender of men". Paris, son of King Priam of Troy, was given this name as a title of honour for saving his father's herdsmen from a gang of cattle rustlers, and it became hereditary among the Macedonian Kings. Alexander the Great (356 - 323 B.C.), who extended his dominions from Greece to the Punjab, was the most famous bearer of the name. The name was introduced into Scotland by Queen Margaret (wife of King Malcolm Ceannmor), from the Hungarian Court, where she was brought up, and in the 11th Century she christened her third son by this name. He became King Alexander 1, ruler of Scotland from 1107 - 1124. Two further kings, who reigned from 1215 to 1286, bore the name. Sir William Alexander, Earl of Stirling (1567 - 1640) was tutor to Prince Henry, son of James V1, and Secretary of State for Scotland from 1626 until his death. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of William Alexander, which was dated 1435, in the "Records of the Accounts of the City of Edinburgh", during the reign of King James 1 of Scotland, 1406 - 1437. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

Surnames reference. 2013.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Music of Norway — Part of a series on Norwegians Culture Arch …   Wikipedia

  • Bioaerosol — A bioaerosol is a biological aerosol. These particles are very small and range in size from less than one micrometer (0.00004 ) to one hundred micrometers (0.004 ). Bioaerosols react to air currents and move quickly or slowly depending on the… …   Wikipedia

  • Harald Bergstedt — (Harald Alfred Petersen, Køge, August 10, 1877 Copenhagen, September 19, 1965) was a Danish writer, novelist, playwright and a poet.Author of the genre and satire verses (collections: Song of the province / Sange fra provinsen , 1913 1921; Wide… …   Wikipedia

  • Mountwest Community and Technical College — is the name of an independent community college serving the metropolitan Huntington, West Virginia area in the United States. It is one of ten regional community colleges in the West Virginia Community and Technical College System. The… …   Wikipedia

  • List of natural satellites — This article is about the moons of planets and dwarf planets. For asteroid or minor planet moons, see Minor planet moon. Objects in the Solar System By orbit …   Wikipedia

  • Schleswigsche Ständeversammlung — Ständesaal zu Schleswig heutiges Schleswiger Rathaus Die Schleswigsche Ständeversammlung war das Parlament des Herzogtums Schleswig zwischen 1836 und 1864 mit Sitz in Schleswig. Inhaltsverzeichnis …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Colbert bump — n. A surge in the polls or in fundraising experienced by a politician after appearing on the TV show The Colbert Report. Example Citations: Well, in all truth (or truthiness, for that matter), it appears there actually might be something to the… …   New words

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.