This great and ancient name derives from the Greek "Alexandros", a compound of "alexin", to defend, plus "andros", the genitive form of "aner", a man; hence, "defender of men". Paris, son of King Priam of Troy, was given this name as a title of honour for saving his father's herdsmen from a gang of cattle rustlers, and it became hereditary among the Macedonian Kings. Alexander the Great (356 - 323 B.C.), who extended his dominions from Greece to the Punjab, was the most famous bearer of the name. The name was introduced into Scotland by Queen Margaret (wife of King Malcolm Ceannmor), from the Hungarian Court, where she was brought up, and in the 11th Century she christened her third son by this name. He became King Alexander 1, ruler of Scotland from 1107 - 1124. Two further kings, who reigned from 1215 to 1286, bore the name. Sir William Alexander, Earl of Stirling (1567 - 1640) was tutor to Prince Henry, son of James V1, and Secretary of State for Scotland from 1626 until his death. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of William Alexander, which was dated 1435, in the "Records of the Accounts of the City of Edinburgh", during the reign of King James 1 of Scotland, 1406 - 1437. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

Surnames reference. 2013.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Liste der Bischöfe von Macerata — Die folgenden Personen waren Bischöfe von Macerata (Italien): Federico 1320–1323 Beato Pietro Mulucci 1323–1347 Guido da Riparia 1347–1348 Nicolò da S. Martino 1349–1369 Oliviero da Verona 1369–1374 Bartolomeo Zambrosi 1374–1383 Angelo Cino da… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Zama Major — (ital.: Zama Maggiore) ist ein Titularbistum der römisch katholischen Kirche. Es geht zurück auf einen untergegangenen Bischofssitz in der gleichnamigen antiken Stadt, die in der römischen Provinz Africa proconsularis (heute nördliches Tunesien)… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Liste des évêques de Macerata — Le diocèse de Macerata est un diocèse italien dans les Marches avec siège à Macerata. Le diocèse est fondé en 1320 et comprend le territoire du diocèse de Recanati jusqu en 1516. En 1356 le diocèse de Recanati est rétabli aeque principaliter et… …   Wikipédia en Français

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.