This interesting and unusual surname is of Anglo-Saxon origin, and is from a nickname, derived from the Northern Middle English (1200 - 1500) "fair", lovely, from the Olde English pre 7th Century "faeger", fair, lovely, and the Middle English "bairn", child. This is an example of that sizeable group of early European surnames that were gradually created from the habitual use of nicknames. The nicknames were given in the first instance with reference to a variety of characteristics, such as physical attributes or peculiarities, mental and moral characteristics, supposed resemblance to an animal's or bird's appearance or disposition, or to habits of dress, and occupation. The surname was first recorded in the late 13th Century, and one Robert Fayrebarne was recorded in the 1379 Yorkshire Poll Tax Returns. An interesting namebearer was Sir Peter Fairbairn (1799 - 1861), an engineer and inventor, who improved flax-spinning machinery by modifications of the roving-frame, and the introduction of screw and rotary gills. He established a foundry for manufacture of war materials and was mayor of Leeds in 1857 - 1858 and 1858 - 1859. A Coat of Arms granted to a Fairbairn family is a red shield, with an eagle wings endorsed gold, a bordure ermine, the Crest being a griffin passant black. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Augustin Fayrbarn, which was dated 1297, in the "Subsidy Rolls of Yorkshire", during the reign of King Edward 1, known as "The Hammer of the Scots", 1272 - 1307. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

Surnames reference. 2013.

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  • Fairbairn — is a surname, and may refer to: * Andrew Fairbairn (Disambiguation page) * Bill Fairbairn (William John Fairbairn, 1947 ), Canadian ice hockey player. * Bruce Fairbairn (Bruce Earl Fairbairn, 1949 1999), Canadian musician, songwriter and producer …   Wikipedia

  • Fairbairn — ist ein schottischer Familienname. Bedeutende Träger waren: Bruce Fairbairn (1949−1999), Musik Produzent Ivo Fairbairn Crawford (1884−1959), britischer Mittelstreckenläufer John Fairbairn (* 1983), kanadischer Skeletonpilot William Fairbairn… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Fairbairn — (spr. fǟrbern), Sir William, Ingenieur, geb. 19. Febr. 1789 zu Kelso in Schottland, gest. 18. Aug. 1874 in Moor Park bei Farnham in Surrey, arbeitete als Lehrling bei den Maschinen der Kohlengruben von Percy Main, seit 1810 als Tagelöhner an… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Fairbairn — (spr. fährbĕrn), Sir William, engl. Ingenieur und Mechaniker, geb. 19. Febr. 1789 zu Kelso (Schottland), gest. 18. Aug. 1874, in Moor Park (Surrey); erbaute eiserne Schiffe und Brücken, sowie die nach ihm benannten Fairbairnkessel (s.… …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Fairbairn — Fairbairn, Sir William, englischer Ingenieur, geb. 19. Februar 1789 zu Kelso, Roxburgshire (Schottland), gest. 18. August 1874 zu Moor Park bei Farnham in Surrey, war einer der ersten, der nach wissenschaftlichen Grundsätzen umfassende Versuche… …   Enzyklopädie des Eisenbahnwesens

  • Fairbairn — Fairbairn, sir William …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Fairbairn — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Le nom de Fairbain est porté par plusieurs personnalités (par ordre alphabétique) : Bruce Fairbairn (??? 1999), producteur, musicien canadien.… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Fairbairn — I. /ˈfɛəbɛən/ (say fairbairn) noun Stephen, 1862–1938, Australian oarsman and rowing coach. II. /ˈfɛəbɛən/ (say fairbairn) noun the RAAF section of Canberra Airport, ACT. Also, RAAF Base Fairbairn …   Australian English dictionary

  • Fairbairn-Kessel — Fairbairn Kessel, Flammrohrkessel, die von Fairbairn zur Schaffung eines großen Wasser und Dampfraumes mit einem über dem Flammrohrkessel liegenden Walzenkessel versehen wurden (s. die Figur). Die aus den beiden Flammrohren austretenden Rauchgase …   Lexikon der gesamten Technik

  • Fairbairn Guest Farm — (Maclear,Южно Африканская Республика) Категория отеля: Адрес: R396, Rhodes Roa …   Каталог отелей

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