Elders

Recorded in the spellings of Elder and Elders, and sometimes, although incorrectly confused with Alder, this is a medieval English surname. It originally described an older person usually a father or brother, who had the same name as a later addition, who may in his turn have been called 'Junior'. Sometimes to make sure that a particular family baptismal name was perpetuated, at a time when early death was the norm, several sons would be given the same name, usually their fathers name. In Yorkshire the form was to call the person 'Senior', and this is now a popular surname throughout that region. 'Elder' or the patronymic 'Elders' a short form of Elderson, is recorded more generally than 'Senior' throughout England, whilst the opposing 'Junior' is of a similar date, Robert Junior being recorded in Lincoln in the Hundred Rolls of 1273, but is now a very rare surname. In this case the early recordings include such diverse forms as Hugo le Heldere, in the Curia Regis rolls for the county of Hertfordshire in the year 1212, whilst Ricardus le Elder, appears in the Priory Rolls for Yorkshire in 1379, showing that both Senior and Elder were used in that region. A later more conventional recording is that of Thomas Elder, who married Jane Gibbs, at St James church, Clerkenwell, London, in 1648. This was in the last year of the reign of King Charles 1st of England, shortly to be executed in Whitehall, on January 30th 1649.

Surnames reference. 2013.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Elders — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Leo Elders SVD (* 1926), niederländischer Theologe Tara Elders (* 1980), niederländische Schauspielerin Diese Seite ist eine Begriffsklärung zur Unterscheidung mehrerer mit demselben …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • elders — In Israelite society, heads of families; collectively they form the leadership of the tribe (Josh. 9:11), or, under the monarchy, of the ruling class (2 Sam. 3:17). Eldership was never the title of an office to which an individual might be… …   Dictionary of the Bible

  • elders —    The office of presbyter, commonly translated as elder, appears in the New Testament church. in Acts 15 the elders meet with the apostles to make decisions. In Acts 14:23, Paul and Barnabas designate elders to lead each of the churches they… …   Encyclopedia of Protestantism

  • Elders —    Shamans are rarely the only social and ritual leaders in their communities. Caroline Humphrey, Urgunge Onon, and Marjorie Balzer clarify the role of shamans by discussing the differences between them and elders. There are ceremonies that… …   Historical dictionary of shamanism

  • Elders — biographical name (Minnie) Joycelyn 1933 née Jones United States surgeon general (1993 94) …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • elders — ➡ Presbyterian * * * …   Universalium

  • ELDERS —    generally any learned or authoritative figures in religious traditions. Specifically laity who assist the Minister in PRESBYTERIAN and CONGREGATIONAL forms of CHURCH GOVERNMENT to run CHRISTIAN CONGREGATIONS …   Concise dictionary of Religion

  • elders — sb. [elderne]. RG. 11 …   Oldest English Words

  • elders — eld·er || eldÉ™ n. any of a number of trees or shrubs; person who is older …   English contemporary dictionary

  • ELDERS — …   Useful english dictionary

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