Zanni


Zanni
It could reasonably be argued that this is the most famous name and surname of the Christian World. It was recorded from the 12th century a.d. onwards in every European country, and in a vast range of spellings, of which there are believed to be over fourteen hundred in total. These range from the base forms such as Jon or John (England & Wales), Evan (Wales), Ian (Scotland), Shane (Ireland), Ivan (Russia) and Jean (France), to the Italian Giovanni, Zanni and Zoane, the Polish Janus, the Czeck Jan, Janak and Jansky, to the diminutives Jenkin, Jeannet, Nannini, Zanicchi, and Gianuzzi, the patronymics Johnson, Joynson, Jenson, Jocie, Ivanshintsev, and Ivashechkin. However spelt, all have derived from the biblical Hebrew "Yochanan", which translates as " He who Jehovah has favoured (with a son)". The name became particularly popular after the 12th century when returning Crusaders from the Holy Land often called their children by biblical names in commemoration of the fathers pilgrimage, these then in turn developed into surnames. The earliest recordings of surnames are to be found in Britain and amongst these is Thomas John in the "Hundred Rolls" of the county of Buckinghamshire for the year 1279, and Arnold Johan in the 1280 "Letter Book" register for the city of London. In Germany Walterus filius Johannis appears in the 1323 charters of the town of Vaihingen, whilst the 1344 charters of the city of Friedberg record Baumeister Johannssen. The first recorded spelling of the surname in any spelling is believed to be that of Pertus Johannis, which was dated 1230 a.d.. This is in the charters known as the "Close Rolls" of the county of Suffolk", during the reign of King Henry 111 of England,1216 to 1272.

Surnames reference. 2013.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • zanni — zanni …   Dictionnaire des rimes

  • Zanni — (from the Italian dialectal nickname for Giovanni) can refer to either the archetype comic servant of the Commedia dell arte or various stereotypical servant characters of the same genre. Zanni is the origin for the English word zany .The… …   Wikipedia

  • zanni — [ (d)zani ] n. m. VAR. zani • 1583 84; Zany n. pr. 1558; mot vénitien, de l it. Giovanni « Jean » ♦ Hist. du théâtre Bouffon des comédies vénitiennes. ● zanni ou zani nom masculin (altération de Giovanni en dialecte vénitien) Personnage de… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Zanni — steht für Reto Zanni, ein schweizer Fussballspieler Zanni (Theaterfigur), eine Figur oder ein Figurentypus aus der Commedia dell arte Diese Seite ist eine Begriffsklärung zur Unterscheidung mehrerer mit …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • zanni — / dzan:i/ s.m. [propr. Zanni, forma toscanizzata del veneto Zani, corrispondente al tosc. Gianni ]. 1. (teatr.) [personaggio della commedia dell arte che rappresenta il servo scaltro e imbroglione o sciocco e goffo]. 2. (estens., non com.)… …   Enciclopedia Italiana

  • Zanni — u. Zanneschi, komische Charakterrollen auf dem Italienischen Theater, s.d …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Zanni — (d. h. Giovanni, »Johann«), Maske des bergamaskischen Dieners in der ital. Stegreifkomödie, aus der sich zwei Dienermasken entwickelten, der dumme Arlecchino und der verschlagene Brighella (s. d. und Pierrot). Vgl. Merlini, Saggio di ricerche… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • zanni — (izg. dzȁni) m DEFINICIJA kazal. lik vječnoga sluge u talijanskoj komediji dell̕arte (od 16. st.) ETIMOLOGIJA tal …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • zanni — ▪ stock theatrical character plural  zanni  or  zannis   stock servant character in the Italian improvisational theatre known as the commedia dell arte. Zanni were valet buffoons, clowns, and knavish jacks of all trades. All possessed common… …   Universalium

  • Zanni — Este artículo o sección necesita referencias que aparezcan en una publicación acreditada, como revistas especializadas, monografías, prensa diaria o páginas de Internet fidedignas. Puedes añadirlas así o avisar a …   Wikipedia Español

  • Zanni — Brighella, l’un des types les plus anciens et les plus constants de zanni. Les zanni sont des personnages de théâtre type de valets. Les bouffons, Sanniones ou bouffons de la comédie antique sont retrouvés, avec l’emploi de valets, dans la… …   Wikipédia en Français


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