Durham

This name, with variant spelling Durram, is of English locational origin from the city thus called in the North East of England. Recorded variously as Dunholm circa 1000, as Dunhelme in "Historia Anglorum", dated 1122, and as Donelme in the 1191, Fine Court Rolls of that city. The name derives from the Old English "dun", a hill, plus the Old Scandinavian "holm(r)", (Northern Medieval "holm"), an island or piece of raised land partly surrounded by streams. The surname first appears on record in the mid 12th Century, (see below). One, William de Durham, witness, appears in the 1236, "Fine Court Rolls of Essex", and a Robertus de Durham was one of twelve Scots knights appointed to settle the laws of the marches in 1249, "Scottish Acts of Parliament". Walter Durham of Dumfriesshire rendered homage to Edward 1 in 1296, and Lawrence Durham was recorded in the 1400, London Assize Court Rolls. Sir Philip Charles Henderson Calerwood Durham (1763-1845), wounded at Trafalgar, 1805, became G.C.B. and admiral, 1830. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Osbert de Dunelm, which was dated 1163, in the "The Pipe Rolls of London", during the reign of King Henry 11, known as "The Builder of Churches", 1154 - 1189. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

Surnames reference. 2013.

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  • Durham, NC — Durham Spitzname: Bull City, City of Medicine Ansicht der Stadt Lage in North Carolina …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Durham — Durham, CA U.S. Census Designated Place in California Population (2000): 5220 Housing Units (2000): 1986 Land area (2000): 81.803499 sq. miles (211.870081 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.115381 sq. miles (0.298836 sq. km) Total area (2000):… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • DURHAM — DURHAM, city in North Carolina, U.S. Jewish communal life formed in the late 1870s as the agrarian village grew into a New South industrial town. The Jewish population, with neighboring Chapel Hill, rose from 40 in 1880 to 305 in 1910. As the… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Durham — es un condado en el noroeste de Inglaterra, en el Reino Unido. Su capital es Durham Es un condado de fuertes contrastes: la zona interior está escasamente poblada mientras que el litoral está altamente urbanizado. Durante un tiempo fue uno de los …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • durham — DÚRHAM s. (zool.) shorthorn. (durham este o rasă de taurine.) Trimis de siveco, 05.08.2004. Sursa: Sinonime  dúrham s. n., pl. dúrhame Trimis de siveco, 10.08.2004. Sursa: Dicţionar ortografic  DURHÁM s.n. Rasă englezească de taurine, cu cap… …   Dicționar Român

  • durham — [ dyram ] n. et adj. • 1855; nom d un comté angl. ♦ Bovin d une race sélectionnée, originaire du Durham. Durham (John George Lambton, 1er comte de) (1792 1840) homme politique britannique. Gouverneur du Canada (1838), il oeuvra à la formation de… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Durham — Dur ham, n. One or a breed of short horned cattle, originating in the county of Durham, England. The Durham cattle are noted for their beef producing quality …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Durham, CA — U.S. Census Designated Place in California Population (2000): 5220 Housing Units (2000): 1986 Land area (2000): 81.803499 sq. miles (211.870081 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.115381 sq. miles (0.298836 sq. km) Total area (2000): 81.918880 sq. miles …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Durham, CT — U.S. Census Designated Place in Connecticut Population (2000): 2773 Housing Units (2000): 1078 Land area (2000): 6.258246 sq. miles (16.208783 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.008122 sq. miles (0.021037 sq. km) Total area (2000): 6.266368 sq. miles… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Durham, KS — U.S. city in Kansas Population (2000): 114 Housing Units (2000): 64 Land area (2000): 0.210432 sq. miles (0.545016 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.210432 sq. miles (0.545016 sq. km) FIPS code:… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Durham, NC — U.S. city in North Carolina Population (2000): 187035 Housing Units (2000): 80797 Land area (2000): 94.633782 sq. miles (245.100359 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.283001 sq. miles (0.732970 sq. km) Total area (2000): 94.916783 sq. miles (245.833329 …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

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