Cropper

This unusual and interesting name is of early medieval origin and is generally an occupational surname for a picker of fruit or vegetables or a reaper of corn. The derivation is from the Olde English pre 7th Century word "cropp" meaning "swelling", "head of a plant", which in Middle English became "crop" and generated the very "cropen", to pick or pluck. In some cases the modern surname may derive from the same word but used of the polling of cattle and therefore an occupational surname for someone employed to do this. There are two forms of the modern name, Cropper and Crapper, the development of the name surname has included John Crapere (1275, Norfolk), William Croper (1276, Yorkshire) and Alice le Crappere (1315, ibid). Edward Cropper and Joan Pearce were married in Clerkenwell, London in 1655. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Roger le Croppere, (witness), which was dated 1221, in the Assize Court Rolls of Worcestershire, during the reign of King Henry 111, known as "The Frenchman", 1216 - 1272. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

Surnames reference. 2013.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Cropper — may refer to: People: Angela Cropper, a United Nations official from Trinidad Tobago Anna Cropper (1938 2007), British stage and television actress Anton Cropper, American television director and producer Hayley Cropper, a fictional character in… …   Wikipedia

  • Cropper — ist der Familienname von folgenden Personen: Steve Cropper (* 1941), US amerikanischer Gitarrist, Produzent und Songwriter William Cropper (1862–1899), englischer Cricket und Fußballspieler Orte in den Vereinigten Staaten: Cropper (Kentucky)… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • cropper — ► NOUN 1) a plant which yields a specified crop. 2) a machine or person that cuts or trims something. 3) chiefly US a person who raises a crop, especially as a sharecropper. ● come a cropper Cf. ↑come a cropper …   English terms dictionary

  • cropper — [kräp′ər] n. 1. a person or thing that crops 2. a machine or workman that cuts or shears leather, nap from cloth, etc. 3. a sharecropper 4. a plant that yields a crop 5. [< ? phr. neck and crop] a precipitate fall: now chiefly in COME A… …   English World dictionary

  • Cropper — Crop per (kr?p p?r), n. 1. One that crops. [1913 Webster] 2. A variety of pigeon with a large crop; a pouter. [1913 Webster] 3. (Mech.) A machine for cropping, as for shearing off bolts or rod iron, or for facing cloth. [1913 Webster] 4. A fall… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • cropper — noun a) a fall; see come a cropper But to myself I thought: ‘Considering that for eight whole years I sat on the front bench as top of the class while he drifted about somewhere in the middle, he can hardly fail to nourish a wish, left over from… …   Wiktionary

  • cropper — come a cropper BrE informal a) to fail in something, especially unexpectedly: I came a cropper on the last question in the test. b) to accidentally fall onto the ground from a horse or bicycle: Jimmy came a cropper as he turned the corner …   Longman dictionary of contemporary English

  • cropper — n. a crop producing plant of specified quality (a good cropper; a heavy cropper). Phrases and idioms: come a cropper sl. 1 fall heavily. 2 fail badly …   Useful english dictionary

  • cropper — /krop euhr/, n. 1. a person or thing that crops. 2. a person who raises a crop. 3. a person who cultivates land for its owner in return for part of the crop; sharecropper. 4. a plant that furnishes a crop. 5. a cloth shearing machine. 6. come a… …   Universalium

  • cropper — n. failure to come a cropper ( to fail ) * * * [ krɒpə] [ failure ] to come a cropper ( to fail ) …   Combinatory dictionary

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