This interesting surname is of Anglo-Saxon origin, and is a locational name from the lands or barony of Cranston, in Midlothian, Scotland. The first element of the placename is the Olde English pre 7th Century byname "Cran", a crane, and was a nickname used to denote a tall, thin man with long legs, and the second element is the Olde English "tun" an enclosure, settlement; hence "Cran's settlement". During the Middle Ages when migration for the purpose of job-seeking was becoming more common, people often took their former village name as a means of identification, thus resulting in a wide dispersal of the name. The surname is first recorded in the late 12th Century (see below). Thomas de Cranystoun in the reign of Alexander 11 (1214-1249) made a donation to the hospital of Soltre of some lands lying near Paistoun in East Lothian for "the welfare of his own soul and for the souls of his ancestors and successors". The surname can also be found as Cranston and Cranstoun. On December 22nd 1622, Daniel, son of William and Jane Cranstone, was christened at the church of St. Martin in the Fields, Westminster, London. A Coat of Arms granted to the family is red, with three silver cranes within a silver bordure invected, the Crest being a crane's head erased proper. The motto reads "I desire not to want". The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Elfric de Cranston, which was dated circa 1190, in "Collections concerning Scottish History, by Sir James Dalrymple", during the reign of King William "The Lion" of Scotland, 1165 - 1214. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

Surnames reference. 2013.

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  • Cranston — or Cranstoun is a Scottish surname originating in a clan that lived around Roxburgh in the Scottish Borders. It is a minor clan but has its own tartan and clan brooch. Notable people Alan Cranston (1914–2000), American politician from California… …   Wikipedia

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  • Cranston —    CRANSTON, a parish, in the county of Edinburgh, 1 mile (N. by W.) from Ford; containing, with the villages of Chesterhill with Sauchenside, Cowsland, and Preston, 1128 inhabitants. The name of this place is said to be derived from an Anglo… …   A Topographical dictionary of Scotland

  • Cranston — Cranston, RI U.S. city in Rhode Island Population (2000): 79269 Housing Units (2000): 32068 Land area (2000): 28.569312 sq. miles (73.994174 sq. km) Water area (2000): 1.362551 sq. miles (3.528990 sq. km) Total area (2000): 29.931863 sq. miles… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Cranston, RI — U.S. city in Rhode Island Population (2000): 79269 Housing Units (2000): 32068 Land area (2000): 28.569312 sq. miles (73.994174 sq. km) Water area (2000): 1.362551 sq. miles (3.528990 sq. km) Total area (2000): 29.931863 sq. miles (77.523164 sq.… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Cranston — [kran′stən] [after S. Cranston (1659 1727), colonial governor] city in R.I.: suburb of Providence: pop. 79,000 …   English World dictionary

  • Cranston — Cranston, Stadt im nordamerikan. Staat Rhode Island, an der Narragansetbai, mit Baumwoll , Woll und Maschinenfabriken und (1900) 13,343 Einw …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Cranston — Scottish tartan of dark and light blue stripes with red and blue lines …   Dictionary of the English textile terms

  • Cranston — /kran steuhn/, n. a city in E Rhode Island, near Providence. 71,992. * * * ▪ Rhode Island, United States       city, Providence county, central Rhode Island, U.S. It lies on the western shore of Narragansett Bay and adjoins Providence city. The… …   Universalium

  • Cranston — Original name in latin Cranston Name in other language Cranston, Krehnston, Krenston, ke lan si dun, kranstwn, rwd aylnd, kuransuton, Кренстон, Крэнстон State code US Continent/City America/New York longitude 41.77982 latitude 71.43728 altitude 1 …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

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