- This distinguished name is of early medieval Scottish origin, and is a locational surname deriving from the old barony of Aikenhead in Lanarkshire. The place is so called from the ownership of the lands by someone named "Aiken" or "Aitken"; this personal name is a peculiarly Scottish diminutive form of the male given name "Adam", itself from the Hebrew "Adam", of uncertain etymology; it is often said to be from the Hebrew "adama", earth. The second element of the placename is derived from the Olde English pre 7th Century "heafod", in Middle English "heved, heued", head, used topographically for a hill or the head of a stream or valley. In 1372, King Robert 11 (1371 - 1390) confirmed the lands of "Akynheuide" in the Sheriffdom of Lanark to one John de Maxwell, and in the same year, Convallus de Akinhead witnessed a land grant. William de Akinhede was a notary public in Irvine in 1444. The modern surname forms are usually Aikenhead and Aitkenhead, and are found principally in Lanarkshire. Examples from that county's Church Registers include: the marriage of Janet Aitkenhead and William Auld in Glasgow, on January 14th 1669, and the marriage of David Aitkenhead and Mary Campbell on June 9th 1712, in Rutherglen. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Gilbert de (L)akenheued, which was dated 1296, rendered homage (Documents relating to Scotland in the Public Record Office), during the reign of Interregnum in Scotland, 1296 - 1306 - King Edward 1 of England, 1272 - 1307. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.
Surnames reference. 2013.
Look at other dictionaries:
Corby toxic waste case — The Corby toxic waste contamination ruling was an official proclamation delivered by The Hon. Mr. Justice Akenhead at the High Court of Justice, London, on 29 July 2009 in the case of Corby Group Litigation v. Corby Borough Council  EWHC… … Wikipedia
Brigham Young University Rugby Team — The Brigham Young University Rugby team is part of the USA Rugby Union in the Mountain West Conference and competes on the collegiate level Mens Division I.HistoryThe Brigham Young University Rugby Team was founded by John Seggar, a former Rugby… … Wikipedia
November Nine — The November Nine is the name used to refer to the final nine contestants, or final table, at the Main Event of the World Series of Poker (WSOP) since 2008. The winner of the WSOP Main Event is considered to be the World Champion of Poker.… … Wikipedia
Corby — For other uses, see Corby (disambiguation). Borough of Corby Town Borough Corby town centre skyline, seen from Oakley Woods … Wikipedia
List of High Court Judges of England and Wales — High Court judges, listed by Division and then by order of appointment, as of 2 October 2008:Chancery Division*The Hon. Mr Justice Blackburne *The Hon. Mr Justice Patten *The Hon. Mr Justice Peter Smith *The Hon. Mr Justice Lewison *The Hon. Mr… … Wikipedia
Donnacha O'Dea — Nickname(s) The Don Hometown Dublin, Ireland World Series of Poker Bracelet(s) 1 Money finish(es) 23 Hi … Wikipedia
Neil Channing — at the Irish Open 2010. Nickname(s) Bad Beat Hometown London, UK … Wikipedia
Gutshot Poker Club — The Gutshot Poker Club (also known as The Gutshot Poker Collective or simply The Gutshot) is a poker club, bar, restaurant and internet cafe located on Clerkenwell Road, London, England. The club opened in March 2004, and since claims almost… … Wikipedia
Marty Smyth — after winning the 2008 WSOP $10,000 Pot Limit Omaha World Champion Hometown Belfast, Northern Ireland World Series of Poker … Wikipedia
Aikenhead (name) — Aikenhead is a Scots language surname of medieval Scottish origin. Its oldest public record dates to 1372, when Robert II granted the lands of Akynheuide in Lanark to John de Maxwell, and in the same year, Convallus de Akinhead was recorded as… … Wikipedia