Cumber

This interesting name is of medieval English origin and is a dialectal of the locational or topographical name Coombe, itself from any of the numerous places named with the Old English pre 7th Century "cumb", denoting a short, straight valley. There are a large number of places in England, mostly spelled Combe, generally found in the south West, for example Doron, Dorset, Somerset, Hampshire and Surrey, and this surname may have any of these places as its source, or perhaps a dweller in a "Cumb". In the modern idiom the variants include "Co(u)mbe", Coom, Co(o)mb(e)s, Cumber(s) and Co(o)m(b)er. Amongst the sample recordings in Devon is the marriage between Mary Ann Coomber and John Pasmore on November 5th 1778, at Chittlehampton, and the christening of Philip Coombere on October 22nd 1780, at Stoke Fleming. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of William le Combere (witness), which was dated 1260, in the "Assize Rolls of Cambridgeshire", during the reign of King Henry 111, known as "The Frenchman", 1216 - 1272. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

Surnames reference. 2013.

Synonyms:

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  • Cumber — Cum ber (k?m b?r), n. [Cf. encombre hindrance, impediment. See Cuber,v.] Trouble; embarrassment; distress. [Obs.] [Written also {comber}.] [1913 Webster] A place of much distraction and cumber. Sir H. Wotton. [1913 Webster] Sage counsel in cumber …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Cumber — Cum ber (k?m b?r), v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Cumbered} ( b?rd); p. pr. & vb. n. {Cumbering}.] [OE. combren, cumbren,OF. combrer to hinder, from LL. cumbrus a heap, fr. L. cumulus; cf. Skr. ?? to increase, grow strong. Cf. {Cumulate}.] To rest upon as… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • cumber — index clog, deter, disadvantage, encumber (hinder), hold up (delay), impede, load …   Law dictionary

  • cumber — (v.) c.1300, to overthrow, destroy; to be overwhelmed; to harass, apparently from French, but O.Fr. combrer to seize hold of, lay hands on, grab, snatch, take by force, rape, has not quite the same sense. Perhaps an aphetic formation from a verb… …   Etymology dictionary

  • cumber — *burden, encumber, weigh, weight, load, lade, tax, charge, saddle Analogous words: see those at ENCUMBER …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • cumber — [kum′bər] vt. [ME combren, aphetic < acombren < OFr encombrer < en (see EN 1) + combre, obstruction, barrier < VL * comboros, something brought together, ult. (? via Gaul) < IE * kom (see COM ) + base * bher , BEAR1] 1. to hinder… …   English World dictionary

  • cumber — I. transitive verb (cumbered; cumbering) Etymology: Middle English combren, short for acombren, from Anglo French acumbrer, encumbrer more at encumber Date: 14th century 1. archaic trouble, harass 2. a. to hinder or encumber by being in …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • cumber — cumberer, n. cumberment, n. /kum beuhr/, v.t. 1. to hinder; hamper. 2. to overload; burden. 3. to inconvenience; trouble. n. 4. a hindrance. 5. something that cumbers. 6. Archaic. embarrassment; trouble. [1250 1300; ME cumbre (n …   Universalium

  • cumber — verb To slow down, to hinder, to burden. 1886 Scott, Sir Walter The Fortunes of Nigel. Pub.: Adams Charles Black, Edinburgh; p321: Syn: encumber See Also: cumbersome, cumbrous, encumbrance, cumberground …   Wiktionary

  • cumber — (Roget s Thesaurus II) verb To place a burden or heavy load on: burden1, charge, encumber, freight, lade, load, saddle, tax, weight. See OVER …   English dictionary for students

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