Cocking

This most interesting and curious surname may have originated from two possible sources. Firstly, it may be of Anglo-Saxon origin, and a locational name from Cocking, a place in Sussex, appearing as "Cochinges" in the Domesday Book of 1086. The placename derives from the Olde English personal name "Cocca", from "cocc", a cock, and the suffix "-ing", meaning "people of", hence, the place where Cocca's people lived. Secondly, the surname may be of Old French origin, from the Old French "coquaigne", Middle English "cokaygne", the name of an imaginary country, the abode of luxury and idleness. Ellis (Specimens of Early English Poets) gives an early translation of a 13th Century French poem, called "The Land of Cockaign", in which "the houses were made of barley sugar cakes, the streets were paved with pastry, and the shops supplied goods for nothing". London has been so called, and the name may mean "the land of cakes", from the Latin "coquere", to cook, and Scotland is called "the land of cakes". The name may have been a nickname for one whose habits and way of life suggested he had come from the "land of Cokaigne, cloud-cuckooland". Early recordings include: Hawisa de Cokaingne (Yorkshire, 1219); William Coccing (Leicester, 1266); and William Cocking (Sussex, 1327). Variants of the surname in the modern idiom are Cockings and Cockayne. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of William Cokein, which was dated 1193, in the "Pipe Rolls of Warwickshire", during the reign of King Richard 1, known as "The Lionheart", 1189 - 1199. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

Surnames reference. 2013.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Cocking — may refer to: Robert Cocking (1776–1837), English inventor Samuel Cocking (1842–1914), British trader Cocking, West Sussex, village and civil parish in the Chichester district of West Sussex, England Cocking cloth, device for catching pheasants… …   Wikipedia

  • Cocking — Cock ing, n. Cockfighting. Ben Jonson. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Cocking — Cockings fehlerhafte Fallschirmkonstruktion von 1837 Robert Cocking (* 1776; † 24. Juli 1837 in London) war der Erfinder einer der ersten Fallschirmkonstruktonen, die jedoch nicht funktionierte. Er war der erste Fallschirmspringer, der bei einem… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Cocking — Cock Cock (k[o^]k), v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Cocked} (k[o^]kt); p. pr. & vb. n. {Cocking}.] [Cf. Gael. coc to cock.] 1. To set erect; to turn up. [1913 Webster] Our Lightfoot barks, and cocks his ears. Gay. [1913 Webster] Dick would cock his nose in… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • cocking — n. act of drawing back the hammer of firearm for firing kÉ’k n. rooster, any male bird; faucet, spigot; (Slang) penis (vulgar) v. draw back the hammer of firearm for firing; raise up, stick up; heap, pile up …   English contemporary dictionary

  • cocking — I. noun ( s) Etymology: Middle English cokking fighting, from gerund of cocken to fight more at cock 1. : cockfighting 2. [cock ( …   Useful english dictionary

  • Cocking railway station — Cocking Location Place Cocking Area Chichester, West Sussex Grid reference …   Wikipedia

  • cocking piece — noun A piece of wood used to build a roof out over eaves (also sprocket) • • • Main Entry: ↑cock …   Useful english dictionary

  • Cocking, West Sussex — Coordinates: 50°57′05″N 0°45′03″W / 50.9513°N 0.75095°W / 50.9513; 0.75095 …   Wikipedia

  • Cocking, England — infobox UK place country = England static static image caption= latitude= 50.9513 longitude= 0.75095 official name =Cocking population = shire district= Chichester shire county= West Sussex region= South East England constituency westminster=… …   Wikipedia

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